United States Geological Survey. [23] Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. These included EERI member and dation. These include Coconuts Beach Resort[25] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa[26] in the village of Siumu. [11], The water system was also damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines. [11] A new power plant at Satala is expected to be commissioned on 25 May 2017. In 2017, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recognized Samoa’s first UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready community, a pilot project that recognizes tsunami mitigation, preparedness, and response activities. The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km southwest of American Samoa at 6:48 a.m. Samoa Standard Time. [24], A number of tourist resorts are located on Upolu's south coast. [6] [16][17], Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. [72] Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. [42] There are three main villages on Niuatoputapu: Hihifo and Falehau, which were hit by three waves, some 6m high, and the village of Vaipoa, which received less damage. Both resorts published tsunami updates on their websites. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. [47], In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. [43] A new school building remained standing and provided some shelter. 2009年サモア沖地震(2009ねんサモアおきじしん)は、2009年 9月29日にサモア諸島で発生した地震である [3]。発生時刻はサモア時間午前6時48分(日本時間午前2時48分)、震源地はサモアの首都アピアの南沖190km、震源の深さ18km、モーメントマグニチュード(Mw)8.1 [4] [5] [6] The tsunami was a wake-up call there. With over $200 million dollars in damages, the islands were ravaged both physically and economically. Also, visit NCEI’s Natural Hazards website for more earthquake and tsunami data, images, and educational materials. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. [72], A tsunami warning remained in effect for the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia, as five main waves were expected to strike that archipelago. [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. 09/29/2009 Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. De aardbeving bij de Samoa-eilanden op 29 september had een kracht van 8,0 Mw en vond plaats om 06:48:11 lokale tijd (17:48:11 UTC). It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. [47], High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat cancelled the tsunami red alert at 12:03 pm on Tuesday for all areas of French Polynesia except the Marquesas. [18] Journalist Cherelle Jackson reported that the city quickly emptied in the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami, "All the schools, workplaces everyone has walked up – it's like a ghost town. Lieutenant Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa's electrical infrastructure. "[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. [47] Unlike the other islands of French Polynesia, the Marquesas have no protective coral reefs which would absorb the impact of a potential tsunami. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for May 5, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for June 20, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for October 16, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 26, 2017. [56] This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. [34], On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. According to the December 26 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 26.4% of the contiguous U.S. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. Prior to the 2009 tsunami, American Samoa had one community hospital, one pharmacy, few physicians and clinicians, limited commercial air service, and limited support infrastructure; however, the islands The United States sent the US Navy frigate USS Ingraham, two US Air Force C-17 Globemaster III aircraft from the 154th Wing, and 90 members of the Hawaii National Guard to American Samoa to assist in the relief efforts there. [15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. Though this tsunami was not a Pacific-wide hazard, it was very destructive near the earthquake and killed 192 people in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. A tsunami watch was issued for islands farther from the epicenter, including Hawaii and Papua New Guinea, but not for California, USA. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, one of the most seismically active areas in the world. [52][53][54] The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts.[55]. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. However, the events of September 29 involved a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on a normal fault within the outer rise; and the other magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred on the subduction zone as a thrust event. [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. [46] Earlier, a government plane sent to the island could not land due to tsunami damage at Niuatoputapu Airport, which had been forced to close. [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. [11] Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. Australia sent teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies like tents and medicine. [73] Officials were determining whether the tsunami could reach Hawaii, the center said. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. At least 77 people were reported dead in … [14] Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. [dead link][12] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. [58], A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. [47], French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link][48] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. Reliant on remittances and tourism, the economy of Samoa shrunk by 5.2 percent in 2009, as things got tougher in sending countries, and the nation’s only major manufacturer—an automotive components plant—laid off more than 1,550 workers. The small South Pacific island of Niuatoputapu and its nearby volcanic cone Tafahi, along with a distant neighbor Niuafo‘ou, form a remote region known as the “Niuas,” located in the far north of the Tonga islands. [44] 289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. Samoa Islands Tsunami on Sep. 29, 2009 We have simulated the tsunami generated from the the Samoa earthquake (15.509 S, 172.034 W, Mw = 8.0 at 17:48:10 UTC according to USGS) on September 29, 2009… [21], A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu,[28] and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. According to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 7.0% of the contiguous U.S. [72] Most of the warnings were called off once it was clear that the tsunami threat had passed. Accessed September 30, 2009. According to the May 5 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 13.4% of the United States including Puerto Rico. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a … The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). [9], A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. [ NOAA ] On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC (6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit). [11], A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction. 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. [10], Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with many people still missing in the villages of Leone and Pago Pago. The monument is called the Healing Garden. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. The Samoa tsunami of September 29, 2009, was the fifth tsunami studied by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) field teams in 15 years, and yet it presented many surprises. Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. [35] New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. [11] The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. [47], The Colombian Navy training ship Gloria, also left Papeete Harbor in Tahiti once the warning was issued as a precaution. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. Die Intensität des Erdbebens erreichte nach den Angaben des United States Geological Survey eine Momenten-Magnitude von 8,0 Mw. Das Erdbeben bei den Samoainseln war ein schweres Erdbeben am 29. The earthquake generated tsunami waves of up to 22 meters (72 feet) that engulfed the shores, killing at least 192 people; 149 in Samoa, 34 in American Samoa, and 9 in Niuatoputapu, Tonga. [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. Das Hypozentrum des untermeerischen Bebens lag in 18 km Tiefe, etwa 190 Kilometer süd-südwestlich der Insel Upolu (Samoa) und rund 180 km südwestlich der Insel Tutuila … [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. [20] The hardest hit areas in Samoa appear to be Fagaloa Bay on the east coast of Upolu, Lalomanu on the south east coast, and along the rest of the southern coast of the island,[18] with one hospital in Apia reporting it had received 79 bodies. People took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground. Magnitude 8.0 El terremoto de Samoa de 2009 fue un sismo de magnitud 8,3 en la escala Richter que afectó el archipiélago de Samoa a las 06:48:11 hora local del 29 de septiembre de 2009 (17:48:11 UTC). In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. The Sa'Moana Resort is in the village of Salamumu. [48], The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people. And the tsunami struck exactly when Samoa was already facing the full force of the global economic crisis. Approximately 192 families were left homeless and the homes of 143 additional families were damaged in the tsunami in the villages of Hihifo, Falehau and Vaipoa. [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. Relief workers in American Samoa and Samoa searched for survivors on Thursday after a series of tsunamis smashed into the tiny Pacific islands, … A total of 192 humans died. New York Times. [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. [13] Electricity was also out on the islands of Ofu-Olosega, in the Manu'a Islands Group, and a government plane has been sent to assess damage on Ofu. The wave, which also hit American Samoa and northern Tonga, was generated by a massive 8.1 magnitude undersea earthquake which struck at 6.48am local time and was felt widely in Samoa. Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. SYDNEY, Australia — A powerful tsunami generated by an undersea earthquake on Tuesday has killed at least 89 people and wiped out several villages on … [47], Outside of the Marquesas, the threat of a tsunami largely passed without much incidence. The earthquake was felt in American Samoa for up to 3 minutes, giving emergency responders, local government officials, and the public time to respond to natural warning signs because they understood the threat. Countries affected by the tsunami in the areas that were hit are American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga (Niuatoputapu) where more than 189 people were killed, especially children, most of them in Samoa. In Lepa, only the church and the village's welcome sign remained standing following the tsunami. [3] Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). Both political leaders immediately returned to Samoa. [47] The first tsunami wave at 11:10 am measured 25 cm (10 in), while the second recorded wave was measured at 35 cm (14 in) at 11:23 am[47] The waves gradually increased in size, with the fifth, and last wave, being recorded at 70 cm (28 in) tall at 12:03 pm. [5] The quake occurred on the outer rise of the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. Pacific Tsunami Warning System: A Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific 1965-2015. With over 30 deaths in the U.S. territory of American Samoa, the 2009 event caused the largest number of deaths in America due to a tsunami in the 21st Century. On the 29th of September in 2009 and 8.0 Earthquake in Samoa caused a Tsunami with waves as high as 15ft. [49], Following the 1st anniversary of February 2011 earthquake memorial in Christchurch, a memorial dedicated to the tsunami victims was erected in the village of Leone American Samoa on 25 February 2012. Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. [47] Residents of the Society Islands, which include the tourist resort areas of Tahiti and Moorea, were advised to move above 5 m (16 ft) above sea level, for safety. Story Highlights At least 111 dead in Samoan islands and Tonga after Pacific tsunami Officials fear death toll will rise as rescue workers reach outlying villages Magnitude-8.0 … Lack of infrastructure. [44], Other reports outlined coastal damage from a 13-foot (4.0 m) wave on the islands. Also, basic needs and basic commodities, including electrical generators, medical supplies, and pharmaceutical drugs were sent out, and multiple planes are being prepared for more cargo and personnel, including FEMA, HHS, and Coast Guard staff and experts from the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and Red Cross. According to the October 16 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 20.5% of the United States. US Navy 091001-F-3798Y-093 A boat is aground Thursday, Oct. 1, 2009 in Pago Pago, American Samoa after a tsunami struck the island Sept. 29, 2009 and carried it away from the harbor.jpg 1,000 × … [9] Other media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga. The first earthquake measured 8.1 on the Richter Scale, the second two earthquakes measured 7.8 on the Richter Scale. This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. 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Tsunami largely passed without much incidence include Coconuts Beach Resort [ 25 ] and Reef! The tsunami, visit ncei ’ s crust dives beneath another plate Satala expected... Samoa Standard Time earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29,.... ] Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon 30... Een tsunami, on 1 October the Time of the contiguous U.S or homeless Marquesas Islands was extended pm. ] Elsewhere there were more than 100 people in several Islands reported, and lines... Donations for residents in Niuatoputapu 30 ] a series of waves, not just a single..