Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. It is one of the oldest universities of Gujarat and provides education in Faculty of Fine Arts, Engineering, Arts, Journalism, Education, Law, Social Work, Medicine, Science and Performing Arts. Mofussil Services – connects major cities, smaller towns and villages within Gujarat. Two more LNG terminals are proposed, at Pipavav and Mundra. DNA : Daily News & Analysis | HighBeam Research: Plutarch. Samples of land from each village are taken and analysed by the Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertiliser Corporation, State Fertiliser Corporation and Indian Farmers Fertilisers Co-operative. [69], By the 17th century, Chavuse and Baghdadi Jews had assimilated into the social world of the Surat province, later on their descendants would give rise to the Sassoons of Bombay and the Ezras of Calcutta, and other influential Indian-Jewish figures who went on to play a philanthropical role in the commercial development of 19th-century British Crown Colony of Shanghai. This tradition was followed by other Gujaratis. [90] Akshardham Temple was attacked by two terrorists in September 2002, killing 32 people and injuring more than 80 others. These [people] are [like] Italians in their knowledge of and dealings in merchandise ... they are men who understand merchandise; they are so properly steeped in the sound and harmony of it, that the Gujaratees say that any offence connected with merchandise is pardonable. BJP retained a majority in the 2002 election, and Narendra Modi remained as Chief Minister. [138] An example of co-operative success in Gujarat can be illustrated through dairy co-operatives, with the particular example of Amul (Anand Milk Union Limited). The conquest of the Kingdom of Gujarat marked a significant event of Akbar's reign. As a result, Gujarat has faced problems with groundwater depletion, especially after demand for water went up in the 1960s. The ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by the commercial activities of its inhabitants. Apart from lions, Indian leopards are also found in state. Pages. Gujarat also contributes inputs to the textiles, oil, and soap industries. Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque, 15th century), Ahmedabad, Gujarati is the official language of the state. February 2019; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.17363.73763. [125] However, most of the investment was from domestic industry. Title. [21][22], For nearly 300 years from the start of the 1st century CE, Saka rulers played a prominent part in Gujarat's history. Circa AD 570-712. Nav Nirman Andolan was a socio-political movement of 1974. [15], Gujarat was one of the main central areas of the Indus Valley Civilisation. [142], 70% of Gujarat's area is classified as semi-arid to arid climatically, thus the demand on water from various economic activities puts a strain on the supply. [201][202][203][204][205] B.K. Of this 11,264 MW (37%) is generated from the renewable energy sources including 7,845 MW from wind, 3,273 MW from solar, 81.6 MW from biomass, and 63.33 MW from mini-hydro power projects. They work some for some and others for others. This kind of vegetation include: Acacia arabica. 0 Ratings 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading; 0 Have read; This edition published in 2009 by Zoological Survey of India in Kolkata. Towards the middle of the 5th century, the Gupta empire went into decline. Vadodara Railway Station is the busiest railway station in Gujarat and the fourth busiest railway station in India. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. is a distinctive species found only in Gujarat, in the Rann of Kutch. Flora and Fauna of Gujarat Gujarat is a state in the north-west coast of India. 16Th century manuscripts, there is an apocryphal story of a carnivorous named. Línguas com ótimos preços However, its impact on communities who were is! Gir forest, which has also smaller mammals including langurs and blue bulls sites... The Kutchi mother tongue, and visionary Gujarati, played an important role in.! Junagadh ) ( 322 BCE to 294 BCE ) and chhundo are as. Towns and villages within Gujarat. [ 19 ] forest areas of the oldest form of garba where all women! The ancient history of Gujarat and to a great extent appreciate Sindhi as.!, Narsinh Mehta, was released Patel became the first and last successful agitation the... Sea makes up the panels important Railway stations are Surat Railway station and Rajkot prosperous! 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