(Luke 14:12-14) "Then He also said to him who invited Him, 'When you give a dinner or a supper, do not ask your friends, your brothers, your relatives, nor your rich neighbors, lest they also invite you back, and you be repaid. In view of the opposition of the Pharisees and rulers to Jesus, it is a little surprising that he should have been invited and that he should have accepted such an invitation; but this is clear in the light of two considerations. The Messenger of the Covenant had arrived and would shortly make an atonement for sin. All of them perish by things in themselves lawful. The invitation for Jesus to have a sabbath meal, the dramatic appearance of a man with dropsy, and the presence of many distinguished guests "had been carefully preconcerted among the Pharisees as a trap for Jesus. But when thou makest a feast, bid the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. Luke 14:15-24. To refuse the second invitation was an insult, equivalent among the Arab tribes to a declaration of war."[27]. Meals are important in Luke-Acts. Commentary on Luke 14:1, 7-14. The reference in Luke 10:34 is to a pandocheion or a public lodging-place, clearly a public place where the wounded could be fed and cared for by the innkeeper. If it be, as the advocates for persecution have generally supposed, a dictate of the law of nature to propagate the true religion by the sword; then certainly a Mohammedan or an idolater, with the same notions, supposing him to have truth on his side, must think himself obliged in conscience to arm his powers for the extirpation of Christianity; and thus a holy war must cover the face of the whole earth, in which nothing but a miracle could render Christians successful against so vast a disproportion in numbers. II (Cincinnati, Ohio: Chase and Hall, 1877), p. 191. Theophylact understood "the servant" to be none other than the Suffering Servant, Jesus himself; and others have supposed him to represent John the Baptist; but Trench is obviously correct. True religion imports an entire change of the heart, and it must be founded in the inward conviction of the mind, or it is impossible it should be, what yet it must be, a reasonable service. And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day? Luke shared Paul’s work (Philemon, verse 24). Loyalty to any other person or thing at the expense of loyalty to Christ constitutes idolatry. And He didn’t like what He saw. It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; Commentary on the Bible, by Adam Clarke [1831]. Luke 14 Bible Commentary. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 14:1, 7-14 . "[28] But Summers called them "ridiculous and humorous. 2 There was a man there whose arms and legs were swollen. They can do this in two ways: (1) They can consider the facts. D'Herbelot. The book of Acts contains passages in which the author includes himself as a companion of Paul (‘we’ in Acts 16:10-17; 20:5-21:18; 27:1-28:16). And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them. Nay, perhaps, where there is no true religion, a native sense of honor in a generous mind may stimulate it to endure some hardships for the cause of truth. In this parable, God's greatest gift, the salvation of the soul, appears in the analogy of an invitation to a great feast, the unspeakable tragedy being man's blind, foolish rejection of it. Only twenty-four years previously, about A.D. 6, "The Romans crucified hundreds of followers of the rebel, Judas the Gaulonite ... Crucifixion was a common spectacle both before and after that date. Persecution is absurd, as being by no means calculated to answer the end which its patrons profess to intend by it; namely, the glory of God, and the salvation of men. CHAPTER 14. Read Luke 14 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). But they held their peace. Like any other passage in the Bible, this one cannot be understood or applied if contextual information is ignored. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1951), p. 386. The three excuses have this in common, that "They all plead something that pertains to self, and all place the gratification of selfish desires above duty and obligation."[30]. "[18] Lamar believed that: All of the above softening of the impact of this passage would appear to be valid! Long familiarity has softened the meaning of this for modern disciples, the usual notion of it being that the reference here is to a patient, submissive acceptance of the ills and misfortunes of life; but Jesus plainly meant that to be his disciple one would have to hate his own life to the extent of willingness to accept crucifixion at the hands of the Romans for the sake of fidelity to Christ. The man giving the feast here moved to a wider circle than before; and this corresponds to the call of the publicans, harlots, and others of those classes despised by the leaders of Israel. EXEGESIS: LUKE 4:14-44. [16] Norval Geldenhuys, op. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 14:1, 7-14 . … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 2:1-14 [15-20]" The Master of the messianic banquet was indeed before them, and he was confronted with the harsh necessity of demoting the proud, arrogant, and unspiritual priests from the chief seats they had usurped and conveying them to "publicans and harlots" instead, such persons being more honorable than the usurpers. If the Sabbath be a festival, let it be observed unto the Lord; and let no unnecessary acts be done; and avoid that bane of religious solemnity, giving and receiving visits on the Lord's day. I would ask the advocate of wholesome severities, how he would relish his own arguments if turned upon himself? See several proofs in Lightfoot. Answer: The Jews purchased and prepared the best viands they could procure for the Sabbath day, in order to do it honor. Luke 14. [4] J. S. Lamar, The New Testament Commentary, Vol. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not?” 4 But they remained silent. [18] H. D. M. Spence, Pulpit Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish. Men must bid farewell to the dearest earthly ties, mortify the lusts of the flesh, set their affections on heavenly things, and subordinate all earthly prospects to the will of the Master. Because God is concerned about our daily lives, Jesus expressed His concern about the ordinary and practical aspects of daily living as well as the deeper and more profound truths about God. In prison, Paul says, ‘only Luke is with me’ (2 Timothy 4:11). 14. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Luke 4:14 to 9:50. www.easyenglish.bible. This is what man SHOULD do, regardless of the fact that all men find themselves unable, absolutely, to live up to this ethic, thus making the passage similar to the command, "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your heavenly Father is perfect" (Matthew 5:48). He was a loyal friend. And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them. Among the Turks, if a man only taste salt with another, he holds himself bound, in the most solemn manner, never to do that person any injury. He stunned them with that metaphor of eating flesh and drinking his blood (John 6:52f). But when you give a feast, invite the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. Luke 14:7-24 (Luke 14:7) When he noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he told them a parable. But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind: And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just. The occasion is a wedding banquet for a son in Matthew, a "great banquet" in Luke. Who is this, if not Christ? The use of the metaphor here is different from that in Matthew. [10] Charles L. Childers, op. "[16] Adam Clark wrote: Spence thought that "Jesus did not mean to forbid our entertaining those whom we love. Trench explained what was probably in the mind of that guest who thus spoke in Jesus' presence: Such a carnal view of God's kingdom was wrong, of course; but there was an even greater wrong in the assumption of the guest that himself and all the other Jews would enjoy such a messianic banquet to the exclusion of all others, especially Gentiles. They were behaving very badly, as we will see. Jesus at a Pharisee’s House. website. So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Geldenhuys said this means "One should not invite such persons EXCLUSIVELY. "In a modern democratic society in which public political rhetoric emphasizes that all are (created) equal, it is easy to miss the emphasis of Jesus' teaching in his own … We live in a day where the doctrine of self-esteem is assumed to be a basic “Christian” belief. (25-35)1-6 This Pharisee, as well as others, seems to have had an ill design in entertaining Jesus at his house. It is condemned by the example of Christ, who went about doing good; who came not to destroy men's lives, but to save them; who waived the exercise of his miraculous power against his enemies, even when they most unjustly and cruelly assaulted him, and never exerted it to the corporal punishment, even of those who had most justly deserved it. Such a second invitation was customary in the East, and it would have been a serious breach of etiquette to have omitted it, a breach that Plummer described as "equivalent to canceling the more general invitation. And thou shalt be blessed; because they have not wherewith to recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed in the resurrection of the just. September 1, 2013. For I say unto you, that none of those men that were bidden shall taste of my supper. Bible > Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; Luke; Luke 14; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << Luke 13 | Luke 14 | Luke 15 >> (Read all of Luke 14) Verse 3 [3] And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day? EXEGESIS: LUKE 14:1-6. With this word to the host, Jesus pinpointed the third of three distortions, or reverse ethics, which marked the conduct of his hearers. The story in Luke’s Gospel was told at a dinner that Jesus attended. Undoubtedly he would complain of this as a very great hardship, and soon see the absurdity and injustice of such a treatment when it fell upon him, and when such measure as he would mete to others was measured to him again. 14 One Sabbath, when Jesus went to eat in the house of a prominent Pharisee, he was being carefully watched. Luke, "the beloved physician" was no apostle and probably no Jew either (compare Colossians 4:11; Colossians 4:14; the Jewish-Christian brothers are mentioned especially in verse 11 and we may conclude, therefore, that Luke and Demas, the co-workers mentioned in verse 14 , were heathen-Christians). Christ heals a man ill of the dropsy, on a Sabbath day, Luke 14:1-6.He inculcates humility by a parable, Luke 14:7-11.The poor to be fed, and not the rich, Luke 14:12-14.The parable of the great supper, Luke 14:15-24.How men must become disciples of Christ, Luke 14:25-27.The parable of the prudent builder, who estimates the cost before he commences his work, Luke 14:28-30. EXEGESIS: LUKE 4:14-44. Supposing he were to behave like an honest man, a good neighbor, a peaceable subject, avoiding every injury, and taking all opportunities to serve and oblige those about him; would he think that, merely because he refused to follow his neighbors to their altars or their mosques, he should be seized and imprisoned, his goods confiscated, his person condemned to tortures or death? Went into the house of one of the rulers ... And they could not answer again unto these things. And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy. The Biblical use of this word becomes clear when it is recalled that Jacob loved Rachel more than Leah (Genesis 29:30), and that the next verse says that "The Lord saw that Leah was hated." Jesus healed a man on the Sabbath and challenged the religious experts regarding their enforcement of the Sabbath (based on human tradition). Verse 26 is particularly important because loyalty to Christ is the issue in this context. He immediately left the treasury, without taking the smallest article with him! How glorious a prize! THE OVERTURE TO LUKE-ACTS. However, there is far too much of the same thing that Jesus condemned in the hospitality one sees today; and, in not a few churches, there are little cliques engaged almost exclusively in entertaining themselves; and that, we are certain, is wrong. Meals are important in Luke-Acts. Here it means a piece of advice, inculcating humility. The simple meaning of this astounding declaration is that one, in order to be a disciple of Christ, must love him more than any other being, not even excluding self. In watching the selfish scrambling for the chief seats, it suddenly appeared to Jesus that the unseemly thing going on in his presence was typical of a far greater sin on the part of that same class of people. The meaning of these two parables is similar; but the unusual nature of the illustration here suggests the possibility that there might have been a historical basis of it. This is even more than Paul wrote. EATING BREAD WITH PHARISEES . And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel. cit., p. 546. Persecution is most evidently inconsistent with that fundamental principle of morality, that we should do to others as we could reasonably wish they should do to us; a rule which carries its own demonstration with it, and was intended to take off that bias of self-love which would divert us from the straight line of equity, and render us partial judges betwixt our neighbors and ourselves. 1 It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him….. Boles insisted that "These are not flimsy and ridiculous excuses, as some have sought to make them, but the most important excuses that could be given. We have already considered this in our study of Luke 9:23. In analyzing the Parable of the Great Supper (Luke 14:15-24), we must consider the two parables that precede it: the Parables of the Ambitious Guest (verses 7-11) and the Feast (verses 12-14).Although all three are spoken at the same time in the same house, Jesus describes three different occasions: a wedding, a feast, and a great supper. And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. He was often Paul’s companion in his travels. On this blessed day, let every man eat his bread with gladness and singleness of heart, praising God. Notwithstanding the obscurity of the place, he observed, in walking forward, something that sparkled a little: supposing it to be some precious stones, he put his hand on the place, and taking up something, touched it with his tongue, and found it to be salt. BARNES, "It came to pass - It so happened or occurred. Now, it seems hard to believe that to be a truth which would naturally lead to the extirpation of truth in the world; or that a Divine religion should carry in its own bowels the principle of its own destruction. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. In Luke 14:5, it was love of property elevated over love of men; in Luke 14:7, it was pride and conceit elevated above humility; and here in these verses it was selfishness elevated above genuine hospitality. Luke 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is filled with great exegesis and written by the best British Bible scholars of the time. In the first (Luke 9:46-50), Jesus’ disciples begin arguing who will be the greatest. The anger of the master of the house is the same as the anger of the king (Matthew 22:7), and in both parables it is the anger of God for their rejection of the Son of God which is indicated. When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat; lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him. Luke 14:12-14. Persecution is much more likely to make men hypocrites than sincere converts. And it came to pass, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him. There is evident a progressive unwillingness to attend in the excuses offered: (1) One pleads necessity; (2) the next pleads his will not to go; and (3) the third said flatly, "I cannot," but did not bother to ask any release from his obligation. And he said unto them, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a well, and will not straightway draw him up on a sabbath day? They all began to make excuse — One of them pleads only his own will, I go: another, a pretended necessity, I must needs go: the third, impossibility, I cannot come: all of them want the holy hatred mentioned Luke 14:26. 3 Jesus asked the Pharisees and experts in the law, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath or not? ) Commentary, Luke 14:1, 7-14, Emerson Powery, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2013. And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. "[12] There is no New Testament example of an episode in which the Pharisees were able to answer Jesus' words in open debate. In Luke 14:5, it was love of property elevated over love of men; in Luke 14:7, it was pride and conceit elevated above humility; and here in these verses it was selfishness elevated above genuine hospitality. is posted each Saturday before the lesson is scheduled to be taught. The cross was an implement of slow, tortuous death. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient. International Bible Lessons Commentary. Luke 3:7-14. Giving great honor to those who are distinguished. A man might as reasonably expect to bind an immaterial spirit with a cord, or to beat down a wall with an argument, as to convince the understanding by threats and tortures. Likewise, Matthew Henry stated: [23] Everett F. Harrison, Wycliffe Commentary (Chicago: Moody Press, 1962), p. 241. Luke’s account of Jesus visit to the synagogue at Nazareth is based on Mark 6:1-6 (as is Matthew 13:54-58), but there are significant differences that transform Luke’s account into a different story with a different purpose. For a more detailed study of the salt metaphor, see my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 5:13. One main lesson is emphasized in these scriptures: the nature and influence of true discipleship. Study the bible online using commentary on Luke 14 and more! "3rd. R. Allenson, Inc., 1950), p. 257. And they could not answer again unto these things. Jesus replies that the greatest is the one who welcomes a child in his name. And the servant came and told his lord these things. Luke 11:14-26 Discerning the Kingdom Luke 11:14-23 - Jesus Rejected as Beelzebul. Just as the Lord helped Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, mentioned in the preceding chapter, so will he help all who truly desire to be his followers. All men will be laid under tribute to provide guests for the Father's kingdom banquet. Jesus in Galilee. To egotistical social climbers like those guests, it was an unheard-of-consideration that a "more honorable" man than any of them might have been invited. cit., p. 757. It will be updated to the new version soon.] "2nd. Hence, the situation demands that an ambassage be sent and peace negotiated, and with whom? 4 But they remained silent 7 ... z lest they also invite you in return and you be repaid. The Lord had naturally included his host in the remarks addressed to the guests; but he reserved a very special word for the host himself. We may not be too certain, however, that the commentators have fully understood what Jesus meant here. "[1] This chapter recounts the healing of the man with dropsy at the Pharisee's feast (Luke 14:1-6), the teaching on humility which Jesus addressed to the guests (Luke 14:7-11), advice to the host regarding his list of guests (Luke 14:12-14), the parable of the slighted invitation (Luke 14:15-24), and Jesus' pronouncement on the cost of discipleship (Luke 14:25-35). Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace. [14] Alfred Plummer, The Gospel according to St. Luke (New York: T and T Clark, 1922), in loco. The conduct of this Pharisee was most execrable. "[8], Of course, all eyes were fixed upon Jesus; as the previous verse said, "They were watching him." The class book is suitable for teens and up. 'Obstinacy,' as one well observes, 'may rise as the understanding is oppressed, and continue its opposition for a while, merely to avenge the cause of its injured liberty.'. Commentary on Luke 14:15-24 (Read Luke 14:15-24) In this parable observe the free grace and mercy of God shining in the gospel of Christ, which will be food and a feast for the soul of a man that knows its own wants and miseries. Is God the Bible online using Commentary on Luke ( Luke 14:15-24 of honor, he took him blessed! Thomas Scott, op 9:46-50 ), p. 179 in Matthew what he saw ‘ only Luke is with ’... An implement of irritation or inconvenience 10:9 ) and persecution can do in... Advice, or powerful in any ultimate sense, good in any ultimate sense, or?., behold, there was a man has decided to burn his clubs after watching the Golf Championship... He noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he can be! 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