See "Bullarium Romanum", III, iii (Rome, 1743), 190-225. Omissions? My email address is webmaster at The influence of his friends procured for him, from Pope Paul II (1464–71), the bishopric of Savona, and in 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. Ecclesiastical approbation. A congress of Christian princes met in 1490 at Rome, but led to no result. ANTROBUS, (2nd ed., St. Louis, 1901), V, 229-372; CREIGHTON, A History of the Papacy, new ed., IV (London and New York, 1903), 135-182; GARNETT in The Renaissance Cambridge Modern History, I (New York, 1903), 221-225; ROSCOE, Lorenzo de' Medici (London, 1865), 214-229, 362; KRÜGER, The Papacy (tr., New York, 1909), 146, 151-153. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. King John (left), the English monarch, ruled from 1199 to 1216. His success in the conclave, as well as his promotion to the cardinalate, was largely due to Giuliano della Rovere. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The protracted conflict with Naples was the principal obstacle to a crusade against the Turks; Innocent VIII earnestly endeavoured to unite Christendom against the common enemy. His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), whose tool Innocent remained. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Pope Innocent VIII. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. Pope Innocent VIII. Nihil Obstat. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. [CDATA[ He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Vol. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. The executions of persons thought to be practicing witchcraft were increasing throughout western Europe. Pope Innocent VIII by Nicholas Aloysius Weber. We have no information on the meaning or origin of these arms. The Catholic Encyclopedia. and Public domain photos In Catholic Church history, one of the most famous controversies, and most famous crises between Church and state, between pope and king, took place in the early 13th century. When his call for a crusade against the Turks failed, Innocent made an agreement in 1489 with Sultan Bayezid II to keep Prince Jem, Bayezid’s fugitive brother and pretender to the Turkish throne, confined to the Vatican in return for an annual payment and the gift of the Holy Lance, the spear thrust into Christ’s body at the crucifixion. Its primary object was to safeguard the personal interests of the electors. TOMMASINI in Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, V (Rome, 1890); CIACONIUS-OLDOINUS, Vitæ et Res gestæ Pontif. //]]> Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius Octavus; 1432 – July 25, 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cibo, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 214th Pope from 1484 until his death. Innocent’s manoeuvres in Italian politics were equally unscrupulous: he deposed King Ferdinand of Naples in 1489 for failure to pay debts of tribute; and his wars with several Italian states, especially Naples, depleted the papal treasury, which he replenished by creating and selling new posts. Death of Pope Innocent VIII, 25 July 1492, born Giovanni Battista Cybo or Cibo, was Pope 1484 to his death ID: JRTXY0 (RM) He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Generally regarded as unworthy and of low private morals, the worldly Innocent reduced the Papal States to insolvency and anarchy. After a licentious youth, during which he had two illegitimate children, Franceschetto and Teodorina, he took orders and entered the service of Cardinal Calandrini. XXXVII-LXIX; tr. Transcription. Updates? Witch . Michelangelo Conti was born in Poli, near Rome. Born into a prominent Genoese family, he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467, before being elevated to the rank of cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV. October 1, 1910. He issued an appeal for a crusade against the Waldenses, actively opposed the Hussite heresy in Bohemia, and forbade (Dec., 1486) under penalty of excommunication the reading of the nine hundred theses which Pico della Mirandola had publicly posted in Rome. MLA citation. BURCHARD, Diarium, ed. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. The Bull of Innocent VIII Innocent, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, for an eternal remembrance. 8. THUASNE, I (Paris, 1883); INFESSURA, Diario della Città di Roma, ed. The lower section contains the sarcophagus with recumbent effigy, above which is the three-dimensional Pope bestowing the apostolic blessing, surrounded by reliefs of the four cardinal virtues. After a licentious youth, during which he had two illegitimate children, Franceschetto and Teodorina, he took orders and entered the service of Cardinal Calandrini. In England he proclaimed the right of King Henry VII and his descendants to the English throne and also agreed to some modifications affecting the privilege of "sanctuary". Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. Weber, Nicholas. Weber, N. (1910). . Continue Reading. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. On the other hand, the pope had the satisfaction of witnessing the fall of Granada (1491) which crowned the reconquest of Spain from the Moors and earned for the King of Spain the title of "Catholic Majesty". Check out Pope Innocent VIII by Mirandaclare on Amazon Music. The only canonization which he proclaimed was that of Margrave Leopold of Austria (6 Jan., 1485). //