Present-day Christians are the privileged heirs of the greatest earthly inheritance ever known in the history of the world, a fact that angers Satan. That such was actually Paul's meaning here is evident from a comparison with Ephesians 5:14, quoted under Romans 13:11, above, where "Christ will shine upon you," does not mean at the judgment, but right now! Putting on, or being clothed with Jesus Christ, signifies receiving and believing the Gospel; and consequently taking its maxims for the government of life, having the mind that was in Christ. Paul spent many years in prison, being hailed before many judges; but there is no record that he was ever required to be bound and gagged to preserve order in the courtroom. Can any man suppose that this address is to the Christians at Rome? Render therefore to all their dues - This is an extensive command. There are Christians, of all places, in Rome itself! (Romans 13:1). Otherwise, the whole Christian movement might have been swallowed up in the overwhelming destruction of Israel, then impending, and so soon to be accomplished. And as in those early times the Christians were generally confounded with the Jews, it is likely that both were included in this decree. Vice is discredited from the throne, and the profligate dare not hope for a place of trust and confidence, (however in other respects he may be qualified for it), because he is a vicious man. For his political conduct he is accountable to his people; for his moral conduct he is accountable to God, his conscience, and the ministers of religion. In all legal and disputes, Christians were encouraged to bypass the pagan courts of justice and settle, as far as possible, all such questions among themselves (1 Corinthians 6:1ff). 4. He could always go out and "shake himself as at other times," so he thought and was therefore contemptuous of the danger. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! Honour to whom honor - The word τιμην may here mean that outward respect which the principle reverence, from which it springs, will generally produce. But this sense cannot at all comport with what is said below, as the Gentiles are most evidently intended. Suetonius tells us that it was because the Jews were making continual disturbances under their leader Christus. God is the one who justifies; on StudyLight.org. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! These are they who are going to be saved tomorrow, who plan to stir themselves in a convenient season, who fully intend to obey the Lord, but not now. Parallel Verses. Love worketh no ill - As he that loves another will act towards that person as, on a reverse of circumstances, he would that his neighbor should act towards him; therefore, this love can never work ill towards another: and, on this head, i.e. There are twin reasons for the Christian's observance of society's laws: first, as a matter of conscience, it is a sin for him to break the law; and second, in order that he might not incur the legal penalty of lawbreaking. To trust them is to have your throats cut and to lose your souls also. The whole Jewish nation groaned under the yoke of Roman tyranny, longed to escape it, and had participated in a number of bloody insurrections against Roman authority. Put ye on the Lord Jesus - This is in reference to what is said, Romans 13:13; : Let us put on decent garments - let us make a different profession, unite with other company, and maintain that profession by a suitable conduct. Deliverance from the persecutions, etc., with which they were then afflicted, is supposed by others to be the meaning of the apostle. - If thou wouldst not live in fear of the civil magistrate, live according to the laws; and thou mayest expect that he will rule according to the laws, and consequently instead of incurring blame thou wilt have praise. That tremendous week in Jerusalem had been enough nearly to overwhelm them. To be clothed with a person is a Greek phrase, signifying to assume the interests of another - to enter into his views, to imitate him, and be wholly on his side. The judicious commentator adds: "I cannot forbear observing the admirable skill and dexterity with which the apostle has handled the subject. Choose a verse from 'Romans 1' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org We should stand in awe of those who wear the sword, and who are appointed to execute the laws of the land. serum. And wantonness - Ασελγειαις, All manner of uncleanness and sodomitical practices. His views in writing are always comprehensive on every point; and he takes into his thoughts and instructions all parties that might probably reap any benefit by them. the duty we owe to our neighbor, love is the fulfilling of the law. Choose a verse from 'Romans 16' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org Romans 6:14-20 The dispensation of grace freeth us from the dominion. Sin is a roaring tornado all around. The glaring exception to this is in the ruthless Marxist governments which have appeared in the present century; and, should that type of government gain ascendancy in areas populated by Christians, there could well be another age of martyrs like that which descended upon the first century, shortly after these noble words were penned. The Adam Clarke Commentary. he closely follows and imitates him. How the Gentiles should walk so as to please God, and put on Christ Jesus in order to their salvation, Romans 13:13, Romans 13:14. See several other examples in Kypke. Romans 13:12 - The night is almost gone, and the day is near. This conduct justifies opposition to his government; but I contend that no personal misconduct in the ruler, no immorality in his own life, while he governs according to law, can justify either rebellion against him or contempt of his authority. As Moule said. And practices of the most abandoned and dissolute sort? Romans 13, Geneva Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. Paul's imagery here still refers to sleepers waiting too long to rouse out of slumber. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Μεθαις signifies drunken festivals, such as were celebrated in honor of their gods, when after they had sacrificed (μετα το θυειν, Suidas) they drank to excess, accompanied with abominable acts of every kind. Home > Study Desk. The great need of Paul's revelation of the proper Christian attitude toward the secular state derived from a number of very important considerations. He said: The discharge of all debts and the keeping of all commandments is summed up in the one word of a man's loving others as he loves himself. That some laws were unjust was clear to all; but Paul sent a runaway slave back to his Christian master (Philemon 1:1:17), and provided specific instructions to both masters and slaves in his epistles to Ephesus and Colossae. The mode of speech itself is taken from the custom of stage players: they assumed the name and garments of the person whose character they were to act, and endeavored as closely as possible to imitate him in their spirit, words, and actions. As he said, "I came not to destroy but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Writing to Timothy, in the last of his apostolic messages, Paul said. Let every man be obedient to the civil government under which the providence of God has cast his lot. Please modify your queries and try again. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead, Isaiah 26:19. For this cause pay ye tribute also - Because civil government is an order of God, and the ministers of state must be at considerable expense in providing for the safety and defense of the community, it is necessary that those in whose behalf these expenses are incurred should defray that expense; and hence nothing can be more reasonable than an impartial and moderate taxation, by which the expenses of the state may be defrayed, and the various officers, whether civil or military, who are employed for the service of the public, be adequately remunerated. Had there been any doubt, up to here, that the total establishment of human government is to be honored, respected, and obeyed by Christians, upon pain of God's displeasure if they fail, it would have been effectively removed by this blanket inclusion of "all." Because throughout the Scriptures in the Old and New Testaments, what God does in nature or grace, he is said to do by his Spirit. Many a soul has been lost while its possessor slept. In Romans 13:4, διάκονος is used for minister. "Some sleep ..." (1 Corinthians 11:30). He orders them to cast off the works of darkness, and put on the armor. Present-day lawgivers are not wiser than God who laid down such penalties and enforced them in the Old Testament dispensation. The day is at hand - the full manifestation of the Sun of righteousness, in the illumination of the whole Gentile world approaches rapidly. Significantly, even in that last statement, Paul did not indicate that he expected the immediate second coming of Christ. The propriety of paying lawful tribute, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7. The Christian life is realized, not by an item tabulation of commandments kept or broken, but by a conscious filling of the heart with love toward others, a fulfillment being made possible only by the sacred enthronement within, of the Holy Spirit. Many sleep like that. Murder is, of course, forbidden; but the imposition of the death penalty by government is not forbidden. [4] R. C. H. Lenski, The Interpretation of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Augsburg Publishing House, 1963), p. 799. People's New Testament. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! Many a sinner is sleeping the sleep of Jonah. Don't throw it away, or allow some revolutionary to rape you intellectually and rob you of it. Choose a verse from 'Romans 3' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1963), Vol. Christ's usage of such terms as the officer, the judge, and the prison, in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:25) also fits this conclusion. Some are already so far gone into such a fatal sleep that they cannot hear the cries of loved ones, nor the message of the gospel, nor the roar of the waves of Jordan. Click the Bible to visit the new StudyLight.org being developed!! It is such a background, therefore, which dramatizes Paul's instructions to Christians in this thirteenth chapter. The other spoke up and said, "Well, it would help a lot if all the clergymen in our city knew it!" Whereofore ye must needs be in subjection, not merely because of the wrath, but also for conscience' sake. Romans 1:13 - I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. Therefore let us lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. Romans 13:13 Aramaic NT: Peshitta ܘܐܝܟ ܕܒܐܝܡܡܐ ܒܐܤܟܡܐ ܢܗܠܟ ܠܐ ܒܙܡܪܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܪܘܝܘܬܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܡܕܡܟܐ ܛܢܦܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܚܤܡܐ ܘܒܚܪܝܢܐ ܀ Additional Parallel Greek. It is remarkable that ου ψευδομαρτυρησεις, thou shalt not bear false witness, is wanting here in ABDEFG, and several other MSS. Since the execution of their office is suited to excite “fear,” we should render to them that reverence which is appropriate to the execution of their function. A thousand examples from history could be brought forward to show what a disastrous thing sleep may be. It is this: Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers -, For rulers are not a terror to good works -, Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? [5] J. Barmby, The Pulpit Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. Even beyond all this was the evil nature of the Roman government itself, enjoying at the moment the relative tranquillity of the quinquennium of Nero, but despite that, almost universally hated for its pitiless institutions of imperial power. Parents sleep while the devil is seducing their children. The Marxists, revolutionaries, Rousseauists, and screaming agitators are not the friends of the people but enemies. This sense seems most suitable to the following verses, where the vices of the Gentiles are particularly specified; and they are exhorted to abandon them, and to receive the Gospel of Christ. 91, fol. Some of Jesus' parables had as their significant and active premises the institutions of government, as exemplified by the "king" who stood for God (Matthew 22:2), the legal contract of the householder who let out his vineyard, and even the "unrighteous judge" who granted the plea of the importunate widow, his unrighteousness in no way preventing his appearance in the parable as analogous with God! Paul made this nice distinction by quoting only man-ward obligations in his next statement. True, he said the day is at hand in the next verse; and from this, the commentators have jumped to the conclusion that all the Christians of that era believed the end of the ages was upon them. Some sleep the sleep of Jonah, an unrealistic sleep. Romans 11:13 - But I am speaking to you who are Gentiles. Thus we may consider that there is a compact and consent between the governor and the governed, and in such a case, the potentate may be considered as coming to the supreme authority in the direct way of God's providence; and as civil government is of God, who is the fountain of law, order, and regularity, the civil governor, who administers the laws of a state according to its constitution, is the minister of God. Capital punishment is clearly allowed to be a legitimate prerogative of human government, by Paul's statements here. The old sins and debaucheries of the pagan darkness must be cast off. Also, there were certain Christian practices which might have led them easily to despise the state. They are asleep (Romans 13:11; Ephesians 5:14). With such political notions, grounded on their native restlessness, it is no wonder if in several instances they gave cause of suspicion to the Roman government, who would be glad of an opportunity to expel from the city persons whom they considered dangerous to its peace and security; nor is it unreasonable on this account to suppose, with Dr. Taylor, that the Christians, under a notion of being the peculiar people of God, and the subjects of his kingdom alone, might be in danger of being infected with those unruly and rebellious sentiments: therefore the apostle shows them that they were, notwithstanding their honors and privileges as Christians, bound by the strongest obligations of conscience to be subject to the civil government. If those called Christians at Rome were guilty of such acts, there could be no difference except in profession, between them and the most abominable of the heathens. Home > Study Desk. They simply could not stand the strain and went to sleep. Here are two powerful motives to prevent the infraction of the laws and to enforce obedience. What a perfect picture is that of a man who will not face reality! All of the apostles understood and reiterated' Jesus' teaching in this field. Deeds that are becoming to Christians are those of virtue, integrity, faithfulness, purity, and love. A gutless namby-pambyism has come to characterize far too many Christians of this age, who naively and stupidly suppose that police departments are dispensable, that love can just take everything, and that our own enlightened (?) Chambering and wantonness ... as retained in the English Revised Version from the KJV, mean "debauchery and licentiousness" (RSV), or "debauchery and vice" (New English Bible). Also included links to commentaries, concordances, dictionaries, encyclopedia and lexicons. "That day ..." as discreetly used here, leaves the time element of when it will occur absolutely out of sight. Still others sleep the sleep of spiritual death, as did certain Christians in Corinth. Even the discussion of gross sins was forbidden to Christians upon the ground that such guarding of the conversation "becometh saints" (Ephesians 5:3). 5. Nothing can justify the opposition of the subjects to the ruler but overt attempts on his part to change the constitution, or to rule contrary to law. This, of course, is a euphemism for death, the sleep from which one does not awaken until the sound of the trumpet and the gathering of the hosts for judgment. The sleep of those Christians had been induced by their neglect of the Lord's Supper and public worship, which shows how easily people may slip into such a deadly sleep. Therefore, the apostle says, Owe no man; as if he had said: Ye owe to your fellow brethren nothing but mutual love, and this is what the law of God requires, and in this the law is fulfilled. Not merely those laws of the state conceived of as "just laws" are to be obeyed; but, as Peter said, "every ordinance of man" was to be obeyed. No. To that affluent host of Christians in present-day America, let it be thundered that they must not now allow the submerged torrent of blood, lust, and anarchy to break through. In ancient times, God, in an especial manner, on many occasions appointed the individual who was to govern; and he accordingly governed by a Divine right, as in the case of Moses, Joshua, the Hebrew judges, and several of the Israelitish kings. Riot, organized an underground, criticized the government, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources useful. Address: Truth and Politics, delivered at Edinburgh University, November 6,1925, nothing justify. Tribute - Φορον· this word probably means such taxes as were levied on persons estates! Them to cast off the works of darkness, and make no provision for the romans 13:13 studylight new!... 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