We are sharing a list of “ tree names in english ” with short descriptions of each tree with their picture. Sanskrit names include nyagrodha.) Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. The tree symbolizes the Trimurti – Vishnu is believed to be the bark, Brahma, the roots and Shiva, the branches. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Cannanore Dist. On 25th December 2020 By . 1997; Sasidh., Fl. 431. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis var. Today medicinal plants are used in their natural as well as processed form. Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Often reaching heights of over 100 feet, it is quite a large tree. benghalensis: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: MORACEAE: English name: Bengal fig: Local name: Latin Name – Ficus benghalensis Family – Moraceae (वटकुलम्) English Name – Banyan Sanskrit Name – न्यग्रोधः, वटः . Ficus benghalensis, as the banyan is botanically known, is native to India. English name: Banyan tree Indian names Bengali - Bar Gujarati - Vad Hindi - Bargad Kanarese - Ala Malyalam - Ala, Vatam Marathi - Vada Sanskrit - Bahupada Tamil - Al Telugu - Peddamarri. Habitat: Monsoon and rain forests. Strangely -- 1) some of the names are not common at all, and we may find them not known to us -- 2) some of the common plants have no name … The name should be Ficus benghalensis with a "h" as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus. The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. Pres. 2020. Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. Miq.Ficus microcarpa Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, ... Ficus benghalensis Bailey & Bailey ' Krishnae ' -> Ficus benghalensis L. var. We have listed Common Plants and Trees with both their common names and scientific names. The root extract has been used in medicine since ages to boost the immune system. Notes: Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information, Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains. Pathanamthitta 463. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, sessile, in axillary pairs, globose, puberulous without; basal bracts 3, broad, round, glabrous, coriaceous, persistent, orifice plane, closed by 3 bracts in a 3-4 mm wide disc; internal bristles none; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers dispersed with female, rather numerous near the mouth of the receptacles; pedicel 0.5-2.8 mm long; tepals 2-3, rather broad, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous; stamens 1; filament 0.8-1 mm; anther oblong, parallel, unequal, shortly mucronate, connective brown; female flowers sesile; tepals 3-4, shortly connate, brownish, glabrous, ovary superior, 1.5 x 1 mm, obovoid-globose, dark brown on stylar side; style erect or curved, tapering; gall flowers similar to female but pedicellate. Description: A very large, evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop roots. krishnae ... (as Ficus polycarpa). It is the tree under which Lord Adhinath the first Jain Tirthankara attained Kewal Gyan or spiritual enlightenment. It is often a focal point of human establishment owing to its expansive form and shade provided. Thenmala Div. [3], Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of India.[4]. & Mathew, Fl. (Rajasthan, western): orange-red ripe fruit eaten; (Garhwal Himalayas): fruit eaten raw. The canopy of the specimen which Nearchus described was so extensive that it sheltered 7,000 men. Calicut 277. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, designated formally as Ficus benghalensis. (Jun 2013). Sorting Ficus names. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). This herbarium is recognized internationally by the acronym ‘JCB’. 450. Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. Pooram nakshatra[11] - Tamil Name:- palash, parasu, palasu English Name:- Flame of the Forest Botanical Name:- Butea monosperma Family:- Fabaceae The generic name, Ficus is a Latin name for figs and the specific epithet, benghalensis is named after the place of its origin, Bengal. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. The common names are just as important as the scientific names. (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602. Throughout India. Miq. Sorting Ficus names. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Indian Institute of Science houses a herbarium of a fairly large number of specimens of native and naturalized plants collected by many taxonomists and researchers from India and abroad. 378. There are numbers of regions behind vaginal infection, this could be due to … The tree is considered sacred in India,[5] and temples are often built nearby. 1059. Sorting Ficus names ... including Ficus benghalensis, 24 samples showed definite blood glucose lowering effect within 2 weeks. 24 (2): 333–338. 2009. Urostigma bengalense (L.) Gasp., Nov. Gen. Fici 7. Nair, Fl. tamil herb glossary a - வரிசை . Tamil Nadu: All districts, Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Scientific name: Ficus benghalensis L. Synonyms: Ficus indica L Family: Moraceae. 1990; Subram., Fl. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Other notable Indian specimens include The Great Banyan in the Jagadish Chandra Bose Botanic Garden in Shibpur, Howrah, which has a canopy area of 18,918 square metres (203,630 sq ft) and is about 250 years old, and Dodda Aladha Mara in Kettohalli, Karnataka, which has a canopy area of 12,000 square metres (130,000 sq ft) and is about 400 years old. Ficus religiosa L. Accepted Name Peepal Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus religiosa L. Most of these chemicals Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. 1985; Ramach. Ethnopharmacology is the study of the medicinal use of plants by indigenous people. 1995; Sivar. Ovate-rounded, glossy, dark green leaves (to 7" long) are cordate with distinctive, extremely narrow, elongated tips. Bo tree develops an attractive pale gray bark. In Tamil it is known as aalamaram (ஆலமரம்). It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. In decreasing order, F. benghalensis was 12th in the 24 samples that showed hypoglycemic activity. 1059. 1753, var. Home. benghalensis; Hook. 661. 3 A A AALLLAAAMMAARRRAAMMM ____ ficus-benghalensis 4 AAA AMMM AANNNAAKKKKKUUU ____ Ricinus communis 5 A AAA NNAAI II NNEEERRRUUUNNJJJII ____ pedalium murex 6 AA AATTTHHHOONNNDDDAAIII ____ capparis zeylanica 7 AA AAVVVAARRRAAAII ____ Cassia auriculata 8 A ADDAATTTHHHOOODDDAAIII ____ Adhatoda vasica 9 A AAADDAAVVVIII ____ Hibiscus furcatus Trees is biggest plants that give us oxygen and give life to the world’s wildlife. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules lateral, 2-2.5 cm long, sheathing, white-puberulous, deciduous, leaving annular scar, glandular at apex below; lamina 10-20 x 5-12.5 cm, ovate, base round or subcordate, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrescent above, minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Our aim is to share quality/ relevant information of each trees. II, 1987 Ficus benghalensis L., Sp. is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. Analysis of Ficus trees in agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India". Cataloguing India's Giant Banyans", http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/V1issue2.6.pdf, http://rjpponline.org/HTMLPaper.aspx?Journal=Research%20Journal%20of%20Pharmacognosy%20and%20Phytochemistry;PID=2014-6-3-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_benghalensis&oldid=990604587, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 13:01. Midya, S.; Brahmachary, R. L. (1991) "The Effect of Birds Upon Germination of Banyan (, "Ficus benghalensis (Banyan Tree) - Zone J", "The World's Largest Trees? a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. Trunk massive, fluted, bark grey, smooth, young softly white puberulous. Malappuram Dist. Nilambur 663. Figs that begin as epiphytes are often generally called Banyans (although the Banyan name is sometimes used only for Ficus benghalensis). 1984; Ansari, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. Kerala: All districts ; Ficus altissima Blume; Ficus amblyphylla (Miq.) Kasaragod Div. The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - නුග" or "Maha nuga - මහ නුග" in Sri Lanka.[6]. Common Name: Banyan, Bargat (Hindi), Aalamaram (Tamil), Nyagrodha (Sanskrit) Distribution . This tree is also the largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the length of its perimeter, which measures 846 metres (2,776 ft). Due to the large size of the tree's canopy, it provides useful shade in hot climates. Notable trees include: The largest, known specimen of tree in the world in terms of the two dimensional area covered by its canopy is Thimmamma Marrimanu in Andhra Pradesh, India, which covers 19,107 square metres (205,670 sq ft). Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis.. English Name : Slender Dwarf /banyan-tree Fruit.. Tamil Name : ஆலம் பழம் / Aalam Pazham.. Hindi Name : बरगद / वटवृक्ष / Bargad, Vatavriksh.. Malayalam Name : ആലം പഴം / Aalam Pazham. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. ashwattha tree in tamil. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Trees help in filter the water we drink, clean the air for breathing and provide more than 80% of the habitat. 352. The collection consists of more than 14,000 specimens of vascular plants, and Lichens. Ficus benghalensis L. in Google image search: Encyclopedias & Dictionaries: Monier-Williams: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary (p. 571) m. (rudh = ruh), ”growing downwards” the Banyan or Indian fig-tree, Ficus indica (it belongs to the kṣīra-vṛkṣas q.v. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Chinnar WLS 297. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, Indian subcontinent; widely grown as avenue tree, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, | Ficus benghalensis, the banyan, (Other names are also known as 'Bengal fig', 'Indian fig', also bargad, borh, wad (Marathi:वड ), . James Forbes later described it in his Oriental Memoirs (1813-5) as almost 610 m (2,000 ft) in circumference and having more than 3,000 trunks. 354. F. benghalensis is a large, evergreen to deciduous tree, up to 20 (-25) m tall, with wide leafy crown and branches spreading up to 100 m or more with pillar-like prop roots and accessory trunks. | However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram, Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Journal of Forestry Research. Ficus bengalensis is a scientific name of Banyan Plants that are largely found in the Indian Subcontinent. The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. Madras 361(952). A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. 1753, var. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Benyan tree Description: Spreading trees, to 30 m high; aerial roots numerous from the branches; bark 10-12 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, exfoliating in irregular flakes; blaze dull red; exudation milky latex; young parts softly pubescent; branchlets light brownish. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. In Theravada Buddhism, this tree is said to have been used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by the twenty fourth Buddha called "Kassapa - කස්සප". 17.3.9 Ficus benghalensis [Distribution: Indian Subcontinent (Native); Family: Moraceae; Common Names: Banyan Tree, Banyan Fig] Ficus benghalensis belonging to the family Moraceae is a very large tree, 20–30 m high, with wide-spreading branches bearing aerial roots. Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga It is also the official national tree of India. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Ficus afzelii G.Don ex Loud. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Other Names: Banyan, Banyan Fig, Indian Fig, East Indian Fig, Bengal Fig, Vada Tree, Figuier des Pagodes, baut (Bengali), Bar or Bargad (Hindi), marri chettu (Telugu), aalamaram (Tamil), vat (Sanskrit), roptri (Kriol), dawu (Yolngu). Magham[magha] nakshatra[10] - Tamil Name:- Aalamaram, Aal English Name:- Indian banyan Botanical Name:- Ficus benghalensis Family:- Moraceae. doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6. Syconium 1.5-2 cm across, ripening orange to red, achenes 2 x 1.5 mm, globose-ellipsoid, dark brown. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks. India 5: 499. Treat vaginal Infection. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. ... Ficus benghalensis Translations of Ficus bengalensis. ... Alandur in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, the Tamil name for … In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. [8] Currently the area of its canopy is 17,520 square metres (188,600 sq ft) with a perimeter of 641 metres (2,103 ft).[7]. TAMIL: Aal, Alam, Aalam vizhudhu, Alamaram, Peral. Dhanya, B. f., Fl. [7], Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River in contemporary Bharuch, Gujarat, India; he may have described the specimen presently named "Kabirvad". Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan,[2] is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. This site makes an attempt to gather and share common names of the plants found in India. If you want to search a specific name, you may use the search box below. became the name of the tree itself. 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. India (Bombay Presidency, Madras Presidency): ripe fruit eaten. Pl. 1988; Babu, Fl. Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. "Does litterfall from native trees support rainfed agriculture? The plant derived medicinal substances are secondary metabolites. abelmoschus esculentus - வெண்டை ... {collections.name.split ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. 1844. 748. & V.J. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Quilon Dist. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Description Top of page. The giant banyans of India are the largest trees in the world by area of canopy coverage. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Agasthyamala 630. Botanical Name : Ficus benghalensis Linn. Botanical name: Ficus benghalensis Family: Moraceae (Mulberry family) Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. Likely to germinate and sprout earlier breathing and provide more than 14,000 specimens of plants. Their natural as well as processed form dark green leaves ( to 7 '' ).: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/263602 the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the Subcontinent. Downwards as aerial roots us oxygen and give life to the general public in Chennai commemorates Aalamaram, branches... Indian banyan, Bargat ( Hindi ), Nyagrodha ( Sanskrit ) Distribution softly puberulous! 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Synonyms: indica.: Moraceae filter the water we drink, clean the air for and... In a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice ( hit ). Evergreen tree grows up to 20 m tall with spreading branches and many pillar-like aerial, prop.... - add multiple references separated by a line break ( hit Enter ) ) Nyagrodha! The roots and Shiva, the source must be explicitly quoted. [ 4 ] so extensive it! Is revered as sacred in India, [ 5 ] and temples are often built nearby we sharing...