In Mexico City archaeologists found the tower of skulls

In Mexico City archaeologists found the tower of skulls

During the excavations of Temple Mayor, an Aztec temple in Mexico City, the archaeologists of the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico have discovered a tower from 650 skulls, as well as thousands of fragments of human remains, according to Reuters.   

The construction with a diameter of about six meters was located in the corner of one of the temple's premises dedicated to Huitzilopochtli - Aztec God of sun and war. The specialists did not unearth the foundation of the temple where there may be new burial sites.  

According to Reuters, historians supposed that the skulls belonged to those captured and executed soldiers - similar "mounds" come across in many cultures of pre-Columbian America. However, archaeologists discovered that in the tower many skulls belonged to women and children.   

It is supposed that the tower is connected with rites of human sacrifice common to the Aztecs. In particular, Huitzilopochtli required regular sacrifice as well - it was considered that this way God of the Sun replenished the strength for fighting with darkness.   

One should note that Major Temple is the largest temple complex of Tenochtitlan. It was built about 1325, and almost completely destroyed after the conquest of the Spaniards in 1521.  

The temple represented a dual pyramid and it was dedicated to two gods: Huitzilopochtli, sun God, Tlaloc, agriculture God. The complex also included the tower dedicated to Ehecatl  - wind God.

  • Русский
  • Українська
  • English