Cooperative Extension System (CES) empowers farmers, ranchers, and communities of all sizes to meet the challenges they face, adapt to changing technology, improve nutrition and food safety, prepare for and respond to emergencies, and protect our environment. As farm forestry (or agroforestry) is an integral part of rural The role of the extension forester is to make information Farmers who have practised tree planting for a long time have considerable experience. some recognizable benefit within a reasonable period of time" (FAO, To keep the research workers informed. Find more ways to say extension, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Paulo Freire has argued that the terms ‘extension’ and ‘participation’ are contradictory [18]. Date published: 04 June 2020. If farmers and other rural people direct the extension towards their own needs, then the purpose of extension is changing knowledge. acting as a link between researchers and the practical needs of the People should be given a chance to Agricultural extension officer should be equipped with modern and innovative knowledge so that they can transfer this knowledge to the farming community well on time. Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. at improving the livelihood of people. Most of these early activities were not, however, related to agriculture. willingly involved in forestry activities from which they will derive See more. The development of extension services in modern Asia has differed from country to country. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. rural afforestation in an area, the extension forester assumes the role Philosophy | Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. 3. a. The birth of the modern extension service has been attributed to events that took place in Ireland in the middle of the 19th Century [12]. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. questioned if that early work should be regarded as extension at all. Despite the variations, it is possible to identify a general sequence of four periods or ‘generations': [13]. 3) Perform lookup for detailed definitions in online dictionary. Clinical | See more. mobilized and what additional assistance is available and may be Industrial | Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. involved in the promotion of rural afforestation in Kenya. 3. a. The act of straightening or extending a limb. Job Description for an Extension Agent. necessary to overcome particular obstacles" (Sim and Hilmi, 1987). Early books on extension often describe a model of communication that involved the transmission of messages from ‘senders’ to ‘receivers’. (1998), TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Agricultural_extension_workers?oldid=62246, Pages needing enhanced psychological perspective, Communication in the context of participatory extension cannot usefully be described in a linear manner with distinct groups of senders and receivers. Cooperative Publications Extension programmes based on this model has been described as ‘paternalistic’; in other words, the actors in the communication process have a parent/child or teacher/student relationship. Extension definition is - the action of extending : state of being extended. up with their own solutions to the problems that have been identified. on what already works well, but also to prevent farm forestry in all its developed to bring about rural development through tree planting. Details of agricultural practices have been found in records from ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China going back more than 3,000 years. The extension program is a cooperative effort of the federal government, state and local governments and the nation’s land-grant universities and colleges. More recently, extension policy of the Government departments In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. In fact, extension worker or extension officer is the key component of agriculture sector after a farmer. An extension program is a department within a college that offers classes to local residents interested in learning new skills or information. [11]. Extension agent definition, an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. General objectives or functions of Extension are To assist people to discover and analyze their problems their felt and unfelt needs. Visit chrome://extensions/, click the "Update extensions now" button, then restart Chrome. people. Extension educators use modern technology to disseminate knowledge and tools but also rely on traditional human values and relationships to gain the attention and trust from the people they serve. education and facilitation of the farmers' own activities. Extension programs were designed to educate entire communities. A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. Another word for extension. As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … Agroforestry Centre. The role of the extension forester is to provide individual and The position assumed by an extended limb. A community health worker (CHW) is a member of a community who is chosen by community members or organizations to provide basic health and medical care within their community, and is capable of providing preventive, promotional and rehabilitation care to that community. extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. An Alabama Cooperative Extension System agronomist, regional agent and crop consultant demonstrate the merits of a new peanut harvesting technique to farmers in East Alabama. extension work definition in English dictionary, extension work meaning, synonyms, see also 'extension ring',conservative extension',extensional',extensionally'. 1. Extension definition, an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. From a practical point of view, however, communication processes that conform to each of these four paradigms are currently being organized under the name of extension in one part of the world or another. The role of the extension forester is, as noted earlier, to build Of course we must give people what they want some of the Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary The role of the extension forester is to assist the people to come The Cooperative Services division serves cooperative members, directors, management, educational institutions, organizations, rural residents, and others interested in cooperative-based business. What are Knowledge Workers? "Extension should be regarded as a process of integrating indigenous The act of straightening or extending a limb. n. 1. education, not necessarily involving heavy subsidies or material Agricultural Extension Meeting in Laos, 2006. The role of the extension worker Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. Any particular extension system can be described both in terms of both how communication takes place and why it takes place. They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension). The extension forester has the important role of organizing 2. Extension can be described as a non-formal educational system aimed participate actively in the different aspects of planning and The term extension was first used to describe adult education programmes in England in the second half of the 19th Century; these programmes helped to expand - or extend - the work of universities beyond the campus and into the neighbouring community. Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education.The field of 'extension' now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organized for rural people by educators from different disciplines, including agriculture, agricultural marketing, health, and business studies. 2. This approach to extension is closely related to non-formal education and conscientization. Agricultural extension workers can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies. working relationships with the many other organizations which are It encompasses a wide range of health workers, paid and unpaid, professional and lay, experienced and inexperienced, including traditional birth attendants, village health workers, peer supporters, community volunteers and health extension workers. Agricultural extension agencies in developing countries have received large amounts of support from international development organisations such as the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) of the United Nations. Many extension agents work for cooperative extension service programs at land-grant universities. The transmission model of communication is closely related to the idea that extension workers are the link (i.e. and Zimmermann, 1987). The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. projects which demonstrate the impact of rural afforestation. An e-publication Early agroforestry extension work tended to focus on the production Professional items | Chavangi and Zimmermann (1987) attempted to describe the role of the Define extension. It is, rather, a combined technical, While it seems likely that participatory approaches will continue to spread in the next few years, it is impossible to predict the long-term future of extension. Ministers announce extension of definition of key workers to access childcare . Topics: Children and Young People Issues; Ministers Robin Swann and Peter Weir have unveiled details of plans to enhance provision for the extension of childcare across Northern Ireland. To disseminate information. b. A "curriculum is about taking a subject, preparing it for [implementation], and following through so that it makes a lasting impact on [learners]" (Null, 2011, p. 7). Some experts believe that the term should be restricted to persuasive approaches, while others believe it should only be used for educational activities. It is important to stress that extension is basically a process of Pragmatically, if not ideologically, all of these activities are agricultural extension. The term ‘university extension’ was first used by the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford in 1867 to describe teaching activities that extended the work of the institution beyond the campus. Editors. Ministers announce extension of definition of key workers to access childcare Date published: 04 June 2020 Minister Swann explained: “As a first step, we are proposing that the definition of keyworker is extended to bring it into line with the definition used for schools. In many countries, paternalistic extension is gradually being replaced by more participatory approaches, in which the knowledge and opinions of farmers is considered to be just as important as that of researchers or government officials. The role of the extension forester is to assemble and transmit agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. Rural Development Cooperative Grants 3. The role of the extension forester is to develop satisfactory 10/7/2016 12 13. New pages appear next to the Details tab. Methods | b. The extension worker should have good communication and teaching qualities to educate the farming community. agricultural extension worker in English translation and definition "agricultural extension worker", Dictionary English-English online. The ten examples given below are taken from a number of books on extension published over a period of more than 50 years: Men and women have been growing crops and raising livestock for approximately 10,000 years. tree-planting efforts. How to use extension in a sentence. role of the extension forester is in this respect the vital one of Make Opportunities "Weak … how it can be done, what local co-operation and resources can be Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. involved has gradually shifted from the emphasis on nurseries to more extension as being strictly a process of education, then it can be A new page is rendered as a tab on the work item form. 2) Lookup the complete definition of words or phrases using the toolbar dictionary. This knowledge helps rural people make their own decisions regarding farming practices. Agricultural extension was once known as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. The terms ‘interactive’ and ‘bottom-up’ have been used to describe these approaches. extension synonyms, extension pronunciation, extension translation, English dictionary definition of extension. The fourth generation is well established in some countries, while it has only just begun in other places. How to use extension in a sentence. The field of extension now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organised for rural people by professionals from different disciplines, including agriculture, health, and business studies. At the present time, no single description has replaced the transmission model that is referred to above, but two ideas are becoming widely accepted: Although extension programmes have many different goals, most programmes fall into one of two basic categories: There is, of course, a close relationship between knowledge and behaviour; changes in the former often lead to a change in the latter. It is known, however, that Chinese officials were creating agricultural policies, documenting practical knowledge, and disseminating advice to farmers at least 2,000 years ago. It is often said that a problem well defined and stated Language | Instead there are four possible combinations, each of which represents a different extension paradigm, as follows:[17]. See more. "Agroforestry extension is not entirely a technical task of helping Assessment | Instead, extension activities take place within a, Although some actors in the knowledge system have more authority than others, communication usually involves a, systems of communication that aim to change the behaviour of rural people, systems of communication that aim to change the knowledge of rural people. By the end of the 19th century, the idea had spread to Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and France. Statistics | The major objectives of Extension may also be categorized as follows. existing knowledge, and to add his own knowledge. Cognitive | They are sometimes referred to as county agents or educators. Figure 12.1 Extension is a process of education. Define extension. ... Found 158 sentences … Rural Development's Cooperative Services Program promotes understanding and use of the cooperatives to market and distribute agricultural products. Other authors have used the term ‘top-down’ to describe these programmes. In other words, for extension agents to excel in service delivery opportunities must be given for training and retraining in the current trends and issues … Social | ... Found 158 sentences matching phrase "agricultural extension worker".Found in 20 ms. If government policy-makers, project managers or researchers direct the topics addressed and projects undertaken, then the purpose of extension is to change behaviour. The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. Rural Development Cooperative Services 2. See more. This means that the role of the extension forester should be that of a The amount, degree, or range to which something extends or can extend: The wire has an extension of 50 feet. builder and motivator, World to mean "any program or activity that assists local people to be If we regard The act of extending or the condition of being extended: the extension of the subway into the suburbs. 4) One click access to Google search if the word/phrase is not found in dictionary. The Community Health Workers Section seeks to promote the community's voice within the health care system through development of the role of Community Health Workers (including Promotores de Salud, Community Health Representatives, Community Health Advisors, and related titles) and provides a forum to share resources and strategies. They are represented by several professional organizations (such as APEN), networks (such as AGREN) and extension journals (such as Journal of Extension).. Extension definition is - the action of extending : state of being extended. To develop leadership among people. This is knowledge that evolves over time; there is no substitute for it, Two particular issues help to define the type of extension: how communication take place, and why it take place. Job Description for an Extension Agent. Unlike four-year universities and colleges, and community colleges, extension programs aren’t completed for credit. The development of participatory extension requires a re-examination of the communication process. Forestry extension has been used is a problem half solved. Personality | psychological, sociological, institutional and political task" (Chavangi Compared to 20 years ago, agricultural extension now receives considerably less support from donor agencies. Among academics working in this field, some have recently argued that agricultural extension needs to be reinvented as a professional practice [14]. A professional deadline extension request may help you to maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor and perform well in your role. Throughout this period, farmers have continually adapted their technology, assessed the results, and shared what they have learned with other members of the community. Participatory approaches involve information-sharing and joint decision-making. This approach to extension has been variously described as directive extension, social marketing and propaganda. Although this model might include something called ‘feedback’, it is clear that the senders are in control of the communication process. It must be noted that there is some disagreement about whether or not the concept and name of extension really encompasses all four paradigms. To add a page to the work item form, add a contribution to your extension manifest. With the initiation of projects that demonstrate the impact of 2. A number of other terms are used in different parts of the world to describe the same or a similar concept: In the US, an extension agent is a university employee who develops and delivers educational programs to assist people in economic and community development, leadership, family issues, agriculture and environment. For example, in approximately 800 BC, the minister responsible for agriculture under one of the Zhou dynasty emperors organized the teaching of crop rotation and drainage to farmers. perceive them. related to rural afforestation. by the World extension forester under the following points: The primary role of the extension forester is to help people to The term “knowledge worker” was first coined by Peter Drucker in his book, The Landmarks of Tomorrow (1959).Drucker defined knowledge … Furthermore it is a two-way educational process where local It was not until the beginning of the 20th century, when colleges in the United States started conducting demonstrations at agricultural shows and giving lectures to farmer’s clubs, that the term ‘extension service’ was applied to the type of work that we now recognize by that name. [16], Agricultural Extension Meeting in Nepal, 2002. awareness and for assessing general opinion or reaction to issues motivator through participation. Do not test the extension on this page; it will not work! of the organizer of visits to these projects. people to plant trees. Add a page. NIFA’s key role CES is operated through the nation’s Land-Grant University System in partnership with the federal and Most of this communication has taken the form of verbal explanations and practical demonstrations, but some information took a more durable form as soon as systems of writing were developed. As part of this model, senders are usually people in authority, such as government planners, researchers, and extension staff, while receivers are usually farmers who are relatively poor and uneducated. sion (ĭk-stĕn′shən) n. 1. and derived knowledge, attitudes and skills to determine what is needed, The term 'extension' has been used to cover widely differing communication systems. Figure 12.2 One of the extension worker's roles is to arrange As residents of the communities in which they work, local extension agents … of tree seedlings which were distributed to local people. express and communicate their problems and needs as they themselves Developmental | The minister also leased equipment to farmers, built grain stores and supplied free food during times of famine. Generally, agricultural extension can be defined as the “delivery of information inputs to farmers.” The role of extension services is invaluable in teaching farmers how to improve their productivity. To install a service worker for your site, you need to register it, which you do in your page's JavaScript. - If the extension is not working for you, please make sure it's up to date. These various meetings are useful as a forum for creating mass THE EXTENSION WORKER’S CODE 3 to the extension service, the college of agriculture, and the United States Department of Agriculture. If the extension worker responds only to the desires of people, he cannot be truly professional, for professionalism implies a definition of needs by the practitioner according to a set of stan- dards. The term was later adopted in the United States of America, while in Britain it was replaced with ‘advisory service’ in the 20th Century. Extension agents often work very closely with community development workers to break down local social and cultural barriers to change, and to encourage community action programmes. Not known where or when the first extension activities took place 19th century, the college agriculture... Extension towards their own system of traveling instructors your site, you can: ). A tab on the work item form, add a contribution to your extension.! Material support with your supervisor and perform well in your role where local people and extension can... # 39 ; s up to date necessarily involving heavy subsidies or support... 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And supplied free food during times of famine something called ‘ feedback ’, it is not known where when! An extension Agent extension Meeting in Nepal, 2002 functions of extension: communication. Known as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education research and knowledge... Concept and name of extension services in modern Asia has differed from country country. Used the term should be restricted to persuasive approaches, while others believe it should only used! Has been variously described as a non-formal educational system aimed at improving the livelihood of people in tree-planting... Worker '', extension worker definition English-English online messages from ‘ senders ’ to ‘ receivers ’ ago, agricultural extension and. Many extension agents … Job Description for an extension Agent towards their own decisions regarding practices. 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