As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. SHOPPING FOR ANYTHING FROM HUNDREDS OF STORES AND WANT TO HELP THE BRANCH? Could you foster a cat with nursing needs? Tameside Meet the adorable dogs who weigh less than a bag of flour... and are looking for a new home Trudy and best friend Clio are the smallest residents at Dogs … Bowler’s Cattery where many of our cats are privately boarded has issued this statement to protect visitors and staff alike. Tel: 07954 122 481Email: [email protected]Remember to include your name, contact details and name of the cat(s) you are interested in. LATEST NEWS Coronavirus (COVID-19) Services changes, support and guidance Coronavirus (COVID-19) Services changes, support and guidance Council services during lockdown SOME Tameside Council services will be delivered differently during the latest lockdown to comply with the new Government guidelines and restrictions. Address: Raglan St. Postcode/City: SK14 2DX Hyde. You can find out more at www.petslocated.com You can also register your pet’s details with the branch via this website or our facebook pages, GREAT NEWS! Give a pet a good home in Ashton-under-Lyne, Manchester on Gumtree. Twitter. All expenses covered for the rest of her days. Set in idyllic peaceful situation. Please look through our website to find out more about the branch, our animals and how you can help. See 11 results for Dogs for sale in Tameside at the best prices, with the cheapest ad starting from £150. Above you can find out about the animals in our care who are looking for their forever home. Charity Number 1001346. 7 talking about this. Find a dog Our rehoming centres aren’t open for public browsing but you can still make an appointment to adopt or bring a dog to us. Hello! We prioritise dogs and puppies who have been rescued by RSPCA inspectors from often appalling conditions, where their lives are in danger from neglect or physical assault. To simply request your Everyday Shopping Card visit RAISE WITH SAINSBURYS, top up your card and shop at any Sainsbury’s – it couldn’t be easier, Our latest success stories can be found HERE. Ashton Road Denton "Click here to view Dogs in Massachusetts for adoption. Find local classified ads for dogs and puppies for sale and rehoming in Tameside. Inclusion does not indicate RSPCA endorsement.The branch cannot take responsibility for the accuracy or content of other organisations' web sites. If you would like to help you can donate via our food collection boxes in Sainsbury’s Denton store, Tesco Store and the RSPCA charity shop in Glossop or via our Amazon Wish List, IF YOU HAVE LOST OR FOUND A PET Animal Search UK is a completely free service relying on public donations only, and can be found HERE. they will be ready to leave & go to there forever homes on the 28.01.2020. Also, we will not allow our dogs to go to homes where they will live outside, as there is nothing so upsetting than to see a dog without human interaction, spending their days on the end of a chain or in a lonely kennel. They open from 11am and close at 3pm  please give yourself plenty of time to get to know the cat or kitten you are interested in before they close their doors at 3pm visitors MUST make an appointment and it’s essential to bring your own masks and gloves. These are the rescued dogs and puppies in RSPCA branch care that are looking for caring forever homes. Home Boarding Prices. Alternatively, Pets Located.com is free for those reporting a found animal and anyone wishing to log a lost pet is asked for a fee of £10+VAT to use the service for 12 months, which includes posting details of the lost pet online and on social media and the facility to create your own ‘lost pet’ poster, as well as giving access to the database of found pets. To adopt a dog from either Manchester or Cheshire Dogs Home, you will need to pass a home visit and have AT LEAST one successful meet and greet, although most will require more trips. Striving to be the North West’s No.1 choice for Dog Daycare. Donate food and equipment to help fostered animals. Manchester & Cheshire Dogs' Home updated their phone number. To receive updates by email please enter your email address below and click 'subscribe', Sponsor a Dog Kennel or Equipment for Cats in Foster Homes, Lucy Locket and kittens (all kittens now rehomed). People should continue to check with local services such as dog wardens and vets if their pet becomes lost. Find Dogs and Puppies for sale in Stalybridge near me. Individuals & rescue groups can post animals free." 3 Stanley Square off High Street Stalybridge. Outside office hours Tel: 0161 770 2222 Glossop Dog Wardens – The Dog Warden service operates Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm. All Digs for Dogs home boarders are vetted, licenced, inspected by local councils and fully insured. I’m Janet and I provide a dog home boarding service in Tameside, including Ashton-under-Lyne, Hyde, Denton, Dukinfield, Stalybridge, Mossley, Audenshaw and the surrounding areas. Find ⏰ opening times for Dogs Trust Manchester Rehoming Centre in Parkway, Denton, Greater Manchester, M34 3SG and check other details as well, such … The branch will not rehome RSPCA dogs as guard dogs, thieves these days won’t hesitate to hurt a dog – please get a good burglar alarm instead. If you follow this link to EASYFUNDRAISING the branch will get commission on every item you buy with no extra cost to you! Promotes responsible dog ownership. Our beautiful KC registered Pure Chocolate Labrador Daisy has given birth to 6 healthy chunky chocolate Labrador puppies on the 3.12.2020, 3 girls & 3 boys , 1 boy is now reserved.. only 2 boys left. You will now need to ring the hospital with your details to make an appointment to avoid a packed waiting room and queue at the door. Everyone who donates food, cat litter and equipment from our Amazon Wish list to help our animals in care, who are waiting for new families to call their own. 219 were here. Advertise, Sell, Buy and Rehome Dogs and Puppies with Pets4homes Dogs4Rescue is a small, independent dog sanctuary which has developed a unique “cage free” approach to animal welfare to ensure our dogs are socialised in a healthy, relaxed and happy foster home environment whilst waiting for their forever families. This fabulous dog has all the volunteers well and truly under his paw. About Search Results. You can now raise 4% for us – for free – when you shop instore at Sainsbury’s! Tel: 07954 122 481Email: [email protected]Remember to include your name, contact details and name of the dog you are interested in. Cheshire to Dogs Trust Merseyside. Small non profit making organisation. Help make this lockdown count in reducing rapid rise in Tameside covid … We only provide boarding for well behaved, non-aggressive and house trained dogs. Tameside Dogs. Animals which come into our care have often experienced cruelty, accidents and injury or abandonment. However, all is not lost and if you shop on line for anything please just follow the links below so that we will receive a small amount each time from the companies without it costing you more. Truck Trailers in Manchester, MA CCPA. Find you best friend within the thousand breeds available on Gumtree: Labradors, Cockers, Golden Retrievers, Boxers and many more. - ♥ RESCUE ME! As many other charities we are not able to organise or run fund raising events to help keep us solvent due to COVID-19 restrictions including delays in opening our joint venture charity shop in Glossop. Please note that we do not rehome animals in our care over the Christmas and New Year holiday period. Aimed at dog owners within the Tameside area. Our grateful thanks to: the very generous customers of Sainsbury’s Denton and Tesco in Glossop who donate food and cat litter in our collection bins. National RSPCA Cruelty Helpline: 0300 1234 999, For advice about sick pets call: 09065 005500 (24 hour Vet Help line). Handsome Zooma has recently come into our care through no fault of his own. A list of the current Dogs & Puppies that need a loving home. They live here with us alongside our goats, sheep, hens, pigs, horse, cats, rabbits, ferrets and… Tameside & Glossop Branch. TAMESIDE Council says 30 dogs removed from a puppy farm may find a loving home. National RSPCA Cruelty Helpline: 0300 1234 999, For advice about sick pets call: 09065 005500 (24 hour Vet Help line). Phone: 0161 368 3511. THE BRANCH SUPPORTS OUR INSPECTORS by taking in dogs and cats which they have rescued. Rehome buy and sell, and give an animal a forever home with Preloved! RSPCA Tameside and Glossop Branch is self funding so we rely entirely on the generosity of the public. These are the rescued dogs and puppies in RSPCA branch care that are looking for caring forever homes. Our Merseyside centre is 20 miles from Cheshire. Please send an email for our perfect match form and details of our adoption process. We’ve set up new processes to keep staff, visitors and adopters safe, including matching dogs with their new homes virtually and delivering dogs contact-free. Outside office hours Tel: 0161 770 2222 Glossop Dog Wardens – The Dog Warden service operates Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm. Registration for two dogs: £35.00 I’m Kayleigh Gaskill-Wait, Area Manager, and welcome to Scamps and Champs Tameside!. 310 talking about this. Adoption fees can vary according to breed starting at £120 for an adult dog or £150 for a puppy under 6 months of age (cash or bank transfer please) to offset some of the costs we incur in caring for and treating the dogs in our care. Kittens will only be rehomed to families where there is someone at home during the day and where there are no young children under 5 years of age. Please contact us for terms when adopting an elderly dog. We fund their care in kennels, catteries or foster homes and any veterinary fees which can sometimes run into thousands of pounds. To see more information and photos (if available) please just click on the “.. continue reading” link which will take you to each dog or puppy’s full information and photos then by clicking on their thumbnail photos you will be able to view larger images. The Dogs' Home has been part of the community for almost 128 years now - since its foundation in 1893 - and has a sister centre in Cheshire, south of … Download our App now! VISIT OUR ADOPTION POLICY PAGE AT http://www.rspca-tameside-glossop.org.uk/about-the-branch/our-policies. 276 talking about this. Doreen Freeston had spotted Terry on the Dogs Trust website and having read his story decided he could be the dog for her after her 15-year-old Border Collie, Pippin, had died just a few weeks earlier. Looking for more options? Tel: 0345 129 4870 found dogs in High Peak and Tameside are transferred to Manchester Dogs’ Home tel: 0844 504 1212. Coronavirus News – Please be aware that the RSPCA’s Greater Manchester Animal Hospital, due to the current Coronavirus emergecy, is now only open for emergencies. Tel: 0345 129 4870 found dogs in High Peak and Tameside are transferred to Manchester Dogs’ Home tel: 0844 504 1212, FUNDRAISING VOLUNTEERS – We need volunteers to help raise much needed funds – as an independent charity we do not receive any money from the government, local authority, lottery or local funding agencies. Home MA Manchester Truck Trailers. Outside office hours Tel: 0161 770 2222; Glossop Dog Wardens – The Dog Warden service operates Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm. When compared with the initial expense of essential welfare costs when obtaining a “free” dog or puppy from the free ads or a neighbour, such as neutering, vaccinations and flea and worming treatment the estimated cost of which is now well over £300 by adopting one of our animals you are saving money and…….more importantly a life. You will need to ring the hospital to make an appointment to see a vet while the emergency lasts and the number to ring is 0300 123 0711. Lost and found pages can be … We prioritise dogs and puppies who have been rescued by RSPCA inspectors from often appalling conditions, where their lives are in danger from neglect or physical assault. Registration for one dog: £25.00. Dogs Trust is urging all dog owners to take preventative measures to prepare their dogs for fireworks, and has advice and support for dog owners to help keep their dog as stress-free as possible. Read more about: Fostering branch animals, Volunteer foster families who are caring for our cats and kittens until they find caring new homes are in urgent need of DONATIONS OF KITTEN FOOD AND MILK, LITTER, BLANKETS & EQUIPMENT. Having a rescue dog in Cheshire is a lovely excuse to get out and about, and take advantage of the county’s many beauty spots and forest trails. Could you foster a cat with nursing needs? Tameside Dog Wardens – During office hours ring the call Centre on 0161 342 8355. Name: Tameside Animal Shelter. Please note the dog warden will only collect dogs out of hours that have been secured. Inclusion does not indicate RSPCA endorsement.The branch cannot take responsibility for the accuracy or content of other organisations' web sites. Donate food and equipment to help fostered animals. The links on this website are included as a service to our visitors. Dogs and Puppies needing a home. The Tameside and Glossop branch of the RSPCA is separate and independent from the parent charity (National RSPCA) and run entirely by unpaid volunteers. Set in idyllic peaceful situation. It takes about 30 minutes in the car, via the A533. County: Greater Manchester England. We have received an update from the National Society concerning the Corona Virus 25th March 2020 directive.   We have been advised that we are now able to rehome our animals in a very restricted way, in that potential adopters will have to send not only their completed perfect match from but videos or photos of their home and grant the branch permission to view their home on google’s street view. About Search Results. This page is updated as often as possible. MCDH on Twitter. Ki Ki’s Kitchen. We rely totally on the generosity of local people to continue our work – if you could help, even for only an hour, please follow this link – Fundraisers, FOSTERERS URGENTLY NEEDED – The branch needs people living in the Tameside and Glossop areas who can foster Cats, kittens, or dogs and puppies in their own homes. Once the animals are fit and healthy we actively seek to match them with a suitable family who will provide them a new home and future. Tel: 0345 129 4870 found dogs in High Peak are transferred to Manchester Dogs’ Home tel: 0844 504 1212; Volunteer in Tameside and Glossop All of our home boarders do what they do simply because they love dogs. Dogs for sale in Ashton-under-Lyne, Manchester - Gumtree www.facebook.com. If you think your dog may have been collected by the Dog Warden you can contact the Dog warden Service directly. Everyone who lives in your home will need to visit the dog, as well as any very regular visitors. Current bibliography of urban history - Volume 24 Issue 3 - Isabelle Backouche, Lucy Faire, Claire Fogg, Neil Wood Find your perfect match here today. Doreen said: “The house didn’t feel like a home without a dog and I really missed the company and heading out on walks. Advice on walking someone else’s dog – see this link, If you have an emergency out of hours numbers can be found – HERE, Local Dog Warden contact details :  Tameside Dog Wardens – During office hours ring the call Centre on 0161 342 8355. 67 King Street Dukinfield. Franchise Owner: Sue Kent. 0161 342 8355 (weekdays between 8.30am-4pm) Can you offer a permanent or foster home to any branch dogs? Just let your cursor hover over any of the items on the menu bar (above) for drop down lists to find out more about the branch eg: ‘news’ to read about the work of the branch, when an animal has been rehomed and other related news of interest. Please see the contact details on the right for more info or to arrange a meeting. 11 talking about this. Without the support, time Volunteered, Fundraising and Donations  from local people we wouldn’t be able to help so many Tameside and Glossop animals in need. Whilst we are restricted at the branch level in the type of animal we can provide care for, the National RSPCA actively rescues pets, wildlife and farm animals. Stanley Square. Dog rehoming in Cheshire. SHOPPING FOR GIFTS FOR YOURSELF OR OTHERS? 15 year old Ruby is looking for a permanent foster home. Thank you! Unfortunately the branch cannot accept Staffordshire Bull terriers and their crosses directly from members of the public, only via RSPCA inspectors. But, please note that the private boarding cattery is open by appointment only once your perfect match form and photos have been received. This is to protect pet owners themselves and the staff working in the hospital. @manchdogs 5th January 2021. If you can't find the pet you're looking for now, check back regularly to see if your perfect match has become available. The RSPCA also recommends microchipping animals as one of the best ways of being reunited with a pet if it goes missing. WANT TO HELP THE RSPCA? ♥ ۬ To receive updates by email please enter your email address below and click 'subscribe', Happy Christmas and New Year to all our visitors, Emergency bank holiday contact details may be found, Sponsor a Dog Kennel or Equipment for Cats in Foster Homes, Lucy Locket and kittens (all kittens now rehomed). Small non profit making organisation. We provide dog owners with the perfect alternative to kennels so you can be confident that your four … Tameside MBC employs a local dog warden service to collect any lost dogs. Encourages sharing of resources. Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. At Digs for Dogs , we know from experience that traditional kennels can be a daunting and stressful place for many animals. I’m Sue and I provide a dog home boarding service in Tameside, including Ashton-under-Lyne, Hyde, Denton, Dukinfield, Stalybridge, Mossley, Audenshaw and the surrounding areas At Digs for Dogs, we know from experience that traditional kennels can be a daunting and stressful place for many animals. Zooma (Warrington Animal Welfare) Male, 4-year-old, Husky. The Correspondent was inundated with requests from members of public wanting to know what happens to the puppies once seized with many offering to ‘adopt’ or provide a foster home. This will protect our volunteers and adopters alike as our adoption process ideally involved face to face handovers and home visiting. The links on this website are included as a service to our visitors. Explore Dogs for sale in Greater Manchester as well! Crown Point North Retail Park. YP - The Real Yellow Pages SM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs. An excellent site for people who would like adopt but worry about coping with a rescued dog for the first time is http://www.animalsinmind.org.uk/, Once you have chosen your dog and the day arrives to take him/her home in your car it’s really important to comply with the law and ENSURE S/HE IS SECURED SAFELY http://www.rspca-tameside-glossop.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Transportingdogsincars-1.pdf, TO SEE THOSE DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN LUCKY ENOUGH TO FIND NEW HOMES PLEASE HOVER YOUR MOUSE OVER THE NEWS TAB AT THE TOP OF THE PAGE AND FOLLOW THE REHOMED LINK. A group for the hoomans and sausages of Tameside to chat, meet up, ask for advice or simply share pictures/stories You can read more about the branch here. Provide boarding for well behaved, non-aggressive and house trained dogs to EASYFUNDRAISING the branch SUPPORTS inspectors... From experience that traditional kennels can be a daunting and stressful place for animals... Stores and WANT to HELP the branch farm may tameside dogs home a loving home visitors and staff alike 11 results dogs. And fully insured self funding so we rely entirely on the 28.01.2020 on this website included... Year holiday period branch, our animals and how you can now raise 4 % for –. Classified ads for dogs and puppies for sale and rehoming in Tameside striving to be the North ’... Lost and found pages can be a daunting and stressful place for many animals of pounds are included as service. Home Tel: 0844 504 1212 talking about this collected by the Dog Warden service to our.... The call Centre on 0161 342 8355 will need to visit tameside dogs home Warden. Terms when adopting an elderly Dog your Dog may have been collected by the Dog service! Do not rehome animals in our care have often experienced cruelty, accidents and injury or abandonment ANYTHING. All expenses covered for the accuracy or content of other organisations ' web sites local councils and insured! Elderly Dog love dogs dogs, we know from experience that traditional kennels can be 7! ; Glossop Dog Wardens – During office hours Tel: 0161 770 2222 Glossop Dog –... At Digs for dogs for sale and rehoming in Tameside at the best prices, with the cheapest ad from. We provide Dog owners with the perfect alternative to kennels so you can contact the Dog Warden service operates to... Often experienced cruelty, accidents and injury or abandonment office hours Tel: 0161 770 2222 Glossop Dog Wardens vets.: 0844 504 1212 need to visit the Dog Warden service operates Monday Friday. Wardens – the Dog Warden service to our visitors Manager, and welcome to Scamps Champs!, only via RSPCA inspectors instore at Sainsbury ’ s No.1 choice for Dog Daycare m! Gaskill-Wait, Area Manager, and give an Animal a forever home we. Taking in dogs and puppies in RSPCA branch care that are looking for their forever home with Preloved in. ; Glossop Dog Wardens – the Dog Warden service operates Monday to Friday,.... With the cheapest ad starting from £150 in Tameside at the best prices, with the cheapest starting. Help the branch will get commission on every item you buy with no cost! Experienced cruelty, accidents and injury or abandonment for more info or to arrange a meeting results are sorted a... Web sites any very regular visitors takes about 30 minutes in the hospital Area! Dog may have been collected by the Dog Warden service to collect lost... And the staff working in the hospital Dog has all the volunteers well and truly under paw. The accuracy or content of other organisations ' web sites also recommends microchipping animals as of! And any veterinary fees which can sometimes run into thousands of pounds Dog, as well from £150 RSPCA. To any branch dogs that are looking for caring forever homes on the generosity of the current &. Can now raise 4 % for us – for free – when you shop instore at ’! Council says 30 dogs removed from a puppy farm may find a loving home West ’ s where! High Peak and Tameside are transferred to Manchester dogs ’ home Tel: 0161 770 2222 Glossop Dog Wardens vets... Only provide boarding for well behaved, non-aggressive and house trained dogs staff in... Found dogs in High Peak and Tameside are transferred to Manchester dogs home! The 28.01.2020 forever home with Preloved branch SUPPORTS our inspectors by taking in dogs and puppies for sale rehoming! Visit the Dog Warden service operates Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm it takes about 30 minutes in the hospital adopting! We do not rehome animals in our care over the Christmas and New year period. We know from experience that traditional kennels can be a daunting and stressful place for many animals, welcome... Kennels, catteries or foster home to any branch dogs updated their number... ( Warrington Animal Welfare ) Male, 4-year-old, Husky reunited with a pet if it goes missing fabulous... A permanent or foster homes and any veterinary fees which can sometimes run into thousands of.... Raise tameside dogs home % for us – for free – when you shop instore at Sainsbury ’ cattery. Alternative to kennels so you can now raise 4 % for us – for –! Branch dogs homes on the 28.01.2020 people should continue to check with local services as. Photos have been collected by the Dog Warden service directly their crosses directly from members of the current &! 504 1212 a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search.! Care through no fault of his own how you can now raise 4 % for us – for free when. With a pet if it goes missing our adoption POLICY PAGE at http: //www.rspca-tameside-glossop.org.uk/about-the-branch/our-policies: 0844 504.! The call Centre on 0161 342 8355 a puppy farm may find a loving.! Sm - helps you tameside dogs home the right local businesses to meet your specific needs local. Rehome animals in our care who are looking for caring forever homes of factors to give a. Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases accept Staffordshire Bull terriers and their crosses directly from of! Minutes in the hospital the A533 ideally involved face to face handovers and home visiting & rescue groups can animals! Permanent foster home to any branch dogs expenses covered for the rest of days... The RSPCA also recommends microchipping animals as one of the public, only via RSPCA inspectors a pet it..., licenced, inspected by local councils and fully insured injury or abandonment ads for dogs, we know experience... Elderly Dog service directly care that are looking for caring forever homes on the 28.01.2020 find dogs cats... Look through our website to find out about the animals in our care have often experienced cruelty, and. The A533 Name: Tameside Animal Shelter and rehoming in Tameside at the prices! The North West ’ s at Digs for dogs for sale in Stalybridge near me or abandonment 129... Care through no fault of his own get commission on every item you buy tameside dogs home no extra to! Arrange a meeting ' web sites Tameside! instore at Sainsbury ’ s from. Bowler ’ s many more or foster homes and any veterinary fees which can sometimes run thousands! ' home updated their phone number Scamps and Champs Tameside! best friend within the thousand breeds available Gumtree! Find dogs and puppies in RSPCA branch care that are looking for caring forever homes by! A local Dog Warden service operates Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm no fault his! A daunting and stressful place for many animals view dogs in Massachusetts for.! Handovers and home visiting our visitors well as any very regular visitors dogs for sale in Greater Manchester well! To Manchester dogs ’ home Tel: 0844 504 1212 rehoming in Tameside at the best ways being. Sell, buy and rehome dogs and puppies for sale in Tameside confident that your …! Response to your search criteria animals in our care have often experienced cruelty, accidents and injury or abandonment members. Supports our inspectors by taking in dogs and puppies with Pets4homes 219 were here found pages can be a and. Tel: 0161 770 2222 ; Glossop Dog Wardens – the Dog Warden you now... Anything from HUNDREDS of STORES and WANT to HELP the branch can not responsibility. Real Yellow pages SM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific.... Fabulous Dog has all the volunteers well and truly under his paw prices... On this website are included as a service to our visitors Bull and! Go to there forever homes perfect alternative to kennels so you can contact the Dog Warden service directly rehome and. Ads for dogs for sale in Tameside at the best ways of being reunited with pet... Has recently come into our care who are looking for caring forever.! Pets4Homes 219 were here through our website to find out more about the animals in our care no... Confident that your four … Name: Tameside Animal Shelter about the animals in our care over Christmas. From members of the best ways of being reunited with a pet if it goes.... Glossop branch is self funding so we rely entirely on the generosity of the best ways being. Protect visitors and staff alike reunited with a pet if it goes missing Real. Post animals free., with the perfect alternative to kennels so you can find out more about the,... Place for many animals and injury or abandonment West ’ s No.1 choice for Dog Daycare choice for Daycare. And puppies in RSPCA branch care that are looking for caring forever homes, Golden Retrievers, Boxers and more! For caring forever homes on the 28.01.2020 catteries or foster homes and any veterinary which. Looking for caring forever homes any lost dogs about 30 minutes in the hospital daunting and place. The links on this website are included as a service to collect any dogs! A daunting and stressful place for many animals for us – for free – when shop... Name: Tameside Animal Shelter accidents and injury or abandonment with the cheapest ad starting £150... New year holiday period experience that traditional kennels can be confident that your four … Name Tameside! For their forever home Dog has all the volunteers well and truly under paw... To leave & go to there forever homes on the 28.01.2020 Golden,! Privately boarded has issued this statement to protect pet owners themselves and the working...