320,000 military personnel, more than 4,000. Chinese troops in North Vietnam would eventually withdraw, for the most part, by 1970. Unsurprisingly, the North Vietnamese likewise moved troops and supplies through neighboring Cambodia, which, though officially neutral, tolerated the communist intrusions. What could have been the solutions for both North and South Vietnam? As a result, President Nixon ended all U.S. interventions in Vietnam and the rest of Southeast Asia in 1973. Germany subsequently declared war following Russian cooperation with Serbia. In 1971, the Pentagon Papers were leaked, revealing confidential information about the war. All of these countries were on the anti-communist force. The countries involved in Vietnam were Republic of Vietnam, United States, Republic of Korea, Australia, Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Khmer Republic, and Kingdom of Laos. Jennifer Manzo Both Moscow and Beijing hoped to expand communism into Asia. 1 Hồng Bàng Dynasty (2879 BC – 257 BC) 2 … The Vietnam War was fought between communist North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam. The first troop left for Vietnam in 1964, with large combat battalions arriving the following year. Unlike during the Korean War, the United States yielded to this threat. Moscow now became North Vietnam’s main benefactor, increasing its aid to Hanoi in response to the US military escalation of 1965. However, they were also being paid off by the United States in the form of economic and military assistance. July 1954: At a conference in Geneva, world … Sovfoto/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Save your work forever, build multiple bibliographies, run plagiarism checks, and much more. And France stayed the colonizing power-- I have a little gap in my timeline here-- and they stayed a colonizing power all the way through World War II. i dont want explinations about federal nations and immigration and stuff, just give me a simple list of the countries invlved, and if you can, please tell me who were allies and … In 1954, Ho’s forces won a decisive victory at Dien Bien Phu and succeeded in evicting the French once and for all. The American people did not feel like their government was being held accountable. jaguar & land rover. The US first used napalm during World War II in both the European and Pacific theaters, and also deployed it during the Korean War.However, those instances are dwarfed by American use of napalm in the Vietnam War, where the US dropped almost 400,000 tons of napalm bombs in the decade between 1963 and 1973. © 2012-2021 The Vietnam War. At the same time, Sino-Vietnamese relationship also soured as Hanoi refused to cut relations with Moscow as per Beijing’s demand as well as disagreement in Paris peace negotiations and particularly U.S. President Nixon’s visit to China in 1972. Despite being in bad economic shape at the time, newly Communist China aided Ho during the war with the French, and did so again during the war with the Americans, providing weapons, expertise, and manpower. Vietnam became a subject of large-scale news coverage in the United States only after substantial numbers of U.S. combat troops had been committed to the war in the spring of 1965. The North was supported by communist countries such as the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. When the Second Indochina War, or Vietnam War, as it’s known in the United States, began soon after, France stayed well away. South Vietnam is supported by what country. China only came in 1979 after the war was over when China invaded north Vietnam. The main countries involved in the Vietnam War were North and South Vietnam. Yet, no matter what they tried, the Americans never succeeded in seriously disrupting North Vietnamese supply lines, nor did they prevent the fall of Laos to the communists in 1975. Eventually, the conflict would grow to a global scale, and the Central Powers of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire would fight against Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy, Japan and Romania (the Allied Powers). The Vietnam War served as a proxy war … Newly communist China had supported Ho Chi Minh during the war with the French, and continued to do so during the war with the U.S. by providing weapons, expertise and manpower. Nov. 5, 1968: Nixon is elected president, promising to end the war in Vietnam. In the same year, they also sent weapons and military advisors to assist the viet Minh in their war against the French. “The French had controlled Vietnam for a couple of generations,” explains Ed Moise, a professor of history at Clemson University and author of Tonkin Gulf and the Escalation of the Vietnam War. It was France's attempt to reestablish its rule in Vietnam after WWII. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Despite speculation that the victorious North Vietnamese would, in President Nixon's words, "massacre the civilians there [South Vietnam] by the millions," there is a widespread consensus that no mass executions took place. The Vietnam War (also known as Second Indochina War or American War in Vietnam) lasted from 1 November 1955–30 April 1975, (19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 1 day).It was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam.North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China and North Korea, while South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, Thailand, Australia, New … China continued to provide military aid and support to North Vietnam years after the first Indochina war. Brutal tactics were the norm during the Vietnam War, and no one suffered more than the Vietnamese themselves, both in the North and the South. Nixon then sent troops across the border in 1970, taking advantage of a coup that ousted Sihanouk in favor of a pro-American general. The North Vietnamese also came to dominate a communist insurgency against the royalist government of Prince Souvanna Phouma, relegating the local Laotian Communists to what Moise describes as “junior partners.”. Nonetheless, “if there had been no Chinese or Soviet support, the North Vietnamese could not have won,” he says, pointing out that the U.S. military budget was roughly 30 times greater than the entire gross national product of North Vietnam. Japan mostly served as the repair facilities for U.S. tanks and ships China's interest in Vietnam began in the 1940's when communism began to take control. Prior to that time, the number of American newsmen in Indochina had been small—fewer than two dozen even as late as 1964. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Yet, as Moise points out, they both learned one important lesson: “It’s dangerous to get in a fight when the other side cares about winning more than you do.”. This was reinforced by a treaty signed during a Hanoi delegation’s visit in Beijing in July 1965 to provide Hanoi enough economic support and necessary equipment for national defense. Not wanting to be seen as going it alone, the Johnson administration pressured other countries to join in the Vietnam War, much as George W. Bush would later form a “coalition of the willing” to fight in the Iraq War. What countries involved in the Vietnam War? The Vietnam War was ostensibly a civil war between the communist North and pro-Western South. There were also members of the International Control Commission (ICC) and International Commission of Control and Supervision (ICCS) who albeit supposedly neutral took sides and even offered aid to them such as Poland and Canada. South Korea  was the main U.S. and South Vietnamese partner, contributing more than 300,000 troops to the war. North Vietnam immediately broke the accord, however, moving troops and supplies through Laos rather than traversing the heavily guarded demilitarized zone that separated it from South Vietnam. Despite the tensions, both Beijing and Moscow shared the same view on the conflict in Vietnam. The Philippines, Taiwan and Spain likewise aided the U.S. war effort, whereas on the communist side North Korea and Cuba purportedly sent token support. Similar to Beijing, Moscow who feared U.S. direct intervention in Vietnam urged Ho Chi Minh to accept the temporary division of Vietnam of the 1954 Geneva Accords and focus on building the country’s military and economy instead. Vietnam War. The countries involved in Vietnam were Republic of Vietnam, United States, Republic of Korea, Australia, Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Khmer Republic, and Kingdom of Laos. For the most part, the Chinese stayed in the background, rebuilding areas destroyed by U.S. bombs and manning anti-aircraft batteries. Also known as the Second Indochina War or simply the American War to the Vietnamese, the epic struggle claimed the lives of more than 2 million people, including some 60,000 U.S. personnel and more than a million civilians. ... Up Next. The Saudi Arabian forces involved in the war were estimated to be close to 100,000. South Korea South Korea, after the US, had the largest contingent of soldiers in South Vietnam. In fact, French President Charles de Gaulle warned his U.S. counterpart, John F. Kennedy Jr., that Vietnam would be a “bottomless military and political swamp.” Though prescient, the advice ultimately went unheeded. North Vietnam was backed by the communist allies which included People’s Republic of China, Soviet Union, Pathet Lao (Laotian Communist insurgents), Khmer Rouge  (Cambodian Communist insurgents) and North Korea. The student movement and the antiwar movement. They were seeking to strengthen their ties with France and help stop the spread of communism. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China and North Korea, while South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, and the Philippines. Therefore, their roles and involvement remain unclear. America and South Korea were the biggest supporters of Saigon. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The Soviets wanted to “make life difficult for the United States,” McAllister says, “but they didn’t want to do it in a way that got them in a conflict with the United States.”, Soviet involvement in the war increased in the late 1960s, just as China’s influence was lessening. In the aftermath of the World War II, the Soviet Union paid little attention to the communist movement (Viet Minh) in Vietnam who was largely outside Moscow’s sphere of influence. To conclude, China played an active and crucial role in supporting their communist ally in the Vietnam war the with more than 320,000 Chinese troops stationed in North Vietnam between 1965 and 1971, peaking in 1967 with around 170,000 Chinese in the DRV. He explains that they were partially motivated by a sense of obligation and ideological sympathy: After all, they could not help but notice the historical parallels between themselves and South Vietnam. The DMZ was later established and then followed by invasions, skirmishes terrorist acts and so forth until Australia and US got involved in the 1950's and then all out war followed with the other countries joining in. Sino-Soviet relations went from bad to worse after the Soviets invaded Czechoslovakia in August 1968 and reached its nadir with an armed conflict at Sino-Soviet border in March 1969. A converted T-28 trainer aircraft is seen near 250-pound bombs used by Meo pilots of Vang Pao's "mini-Air Force" against North Vietnamese in northern Laos. As a result, President Nixon ended all U.S. interventions in Vietnam and the rest of Southeast Asia in 1973. Sheehan served as a war correspondent for United Press International and then the New York Times in the early days of US involvement in the Vietnam War in the 1960s. https://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history “The Koreans sent more troops and much more aggressive troops [than other U.S. allies],” Moise says. However, the US started direct military action in Vietnam in 1964 until 1973. Here, retired Colonel William C Haponski, co-author of ‘Autopsy of an Unwinnable War: Vietnam’, explains that the British were in fact one of five main players in early post-World War 2 Vietnam. Laos was originally neutral in the conflict, but the North Vietnamese moved troops through the country and supported a communist insurgency. The death of Stalin in March 1953 and the stabilization of events in Europe drew Moscow’s attention back to Southeast Asia. How eight countries got bogged down in the Vietnam War's Cold War proxy battle. The United States got involved to prevent South Vietnam from falling into communist hands. The Vietnam War. However, they did not actively involved in the conflict until early 1967 after their ruling Workers Party approved the decision in October 1966. In December, another Beijing-Hanoi pact was signed granting a series of loans of undetermined amounts to North Vietnam. Today’s post comes from Madie Ward in the National Archives History Office. Most Vietnamese, however, opposed colonial rule, and a rebellion broke out led by communist and pro-independence leader Ho Chi Minh. North Vietnam is supported by what two countries. All told, the Chinese claimed to have spent over $20 billion in support of North Vietnam and deployed 320,000 military personnel, more than 4,000 of whom died. Following France’s defeat in the First Indochina War, an international agreement divided Vietnam in two. Things changed when Khrushchev was out of power and replaced by Leonid Brezhnev who favored more direct involvement to aid North Vietnam. The South was supported by anti-communist countries, primarily the United States. Nonetheless, during 1972 – 1975, China continued to provide the sinews of modern war that would enable NVA to launch two modern and large-scale offensives against South Vietnam in both 1972 and 1975 which eventually ended the Vietnam War. This is the currently selected item. However, in the years following the war, a vast number of South Vietnamese were sent to re-education campswhere many endured torture, starvation, and disease while being forced to p… Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam that is located in the north of the country. USA. Some countries such as Cuba and Taiwan provided secret supports to their respective allies while others such as Czechoslovakia, East and West Germany although did not officially participate offered military advisors, engineers and doctors in their allies’ forces. Financial aid, along with a desire to curry favor with the United States, drew in additional countries as well. The Soviets even allegedly shot down some U.S. planes. At first, the United States largely operated behind the scenes. North Vietnam was backed by communist forces … Prior to the recognition and support, the Chinese communists and Viet Minh had been co-operating in their respective struggles during 1946-49, up until the Chinese communists won the civil war in 1949. The United States responded with a secret bombing campaign that Nixon drastically ramped up in 1969. Countries Involved in the Vietnam War: The Vietnam War was an undeclared war fought between North and South Vietnam. U.S. officials eventually soured on Diem, tacitly approving a 1963 coup that resulted in his death. The Vietnam War is still going on in Vietnam. At the same time, advances in video and audio recording enabled both easier… Below is a list of nations that played a role in the Vietnam War, and details on what motivated them to get involved. Cambodia, while officially neutral, tolerated communist intrusions—and was bombed by the United States for those intrusions. Yet the Vietnamese didn’t do all the fighting. An approximately 1,000 Chinese were killed in North Vietnam in the late 1960s. Impact of the Gulf War. Vietnam War (1954–75), conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The United States and many other countries intervened, propping up both sides—but especially South Vietnam—with troops, weapons and supplies and turning what started as a small guerrilla uprising into a major Cold War-era conflict. The situation changed dramatically when the Chinese communist won the civil in mainland china in October 1949 and fostered the communist movement further to Asia. “Their function is as a tripwire,” Moise says, “a warning to the Americans: ‘Don’t go too far… or you’ll be fighting us.’”. The Chinese allowed Soviet materiel across China for the North to prosecute wage the war. China and the Soviet Union didn’t have to do as much as the Americans, Moise explains, because they were buttressing the stronger side. While nearly 60,000 Americans lost their lives in the … Saigon is the city located in South Vietnam that resides next to Ho Chi Ming City. While South Korea sent a total of 313,000 soldiers between 1965 and 1973 to South Vietnam, North Korea only sent in a fighter squadron to North Vietnam in early 1967 to back up their air defenses in the city of Hanoi. Determined to prevent South Vietnam from falling into communist hands, the United States propped up Diem with billions of dollars in aid, as well as increasing numbers of military advisers. Mostly in this world people think that the war is not the batter solution for any kind of dispute, violence and misunderstanding. ... What four presidents were involved in the war. North Vietnam was backed … READ MORE: Why Were Vietnam War Vets Treated Poorly When They Returned? Since the 19 th century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. Last Updated on The war resulted in the victory of North Vietnam (the communists) over the South Vietnam which means U.S. Had to accept the defeat. Meanwhile, President Richard Nixon authorized a cross-border invasion of Laos in 1971. Though Vietnamese communists allied with the Khmer Rouge during the Vietnam War, they eventually deposed the regime in 1979. And so you can imagine, during World War II, France was quickly overrun by the Germans. The main countries involved in the Vietnam War were South Vietnam and North Vietnam.South Vietnam was backed by anti-communist countries and members of the South East Asia Treaty Organization which included the United States, South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Khmer Republic, Kingdom of Laos and Republic of China. At first, the U.S. operated behind the scenes, but after 1964, sent combat troops and became more deeply mired in the war.Following France’s defeat in the First Indochina War, an international agreement divided Vietnam in two. The United Kingdom (members of Allied Control Commission (ACC)), Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), Cambodia (Khmer Republic and Khmer Rouge), Republic of Vietnam ( aka South Vietnam (1955 – 1975) succeeded State of Vietnam (1949 – 1955) ). May 7, 1954: Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces defeat the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, effectively ending the 7 ½-year Indochina War. The American people did not feel like their government was being held accountable. People from other countries also went to fight but not in their own national army. Vietnam War Countries Involved View: More Articles from . The main countries involved in Vietnam included North Vietnam, South Vietnam, United States of America, Peoples Republic of China, South Korea and USSR. ... China China's interests in the Vietnam War began in the late 1940's when the communists managed to gain control. Causes of the Vietnam war. A Cold War-era billboard in Moscow showing bombs raining down on Uncle Sam reading, 'Aggressors out of Vietnam!' The U.S involvement in Vietnam had started as early as 1950 when Harry Truman sent military advisors to aid the French. The French and American experiences in Vietnam differed in many respects. Bombs ready to be loaded onto a French aircraft for the long drawn out Dien Bien Phu Battle of the Indochina War on April 10, 1954. The Vietnam War (1955–75) was a time of great controversy in the United States. The main countries involved in the Vietnam War were North and South Vietnam. Soviet Union and china. Instead, a communist insurgency broke out, pitting the so-called Viet Cong, who were sponsored by North Vietnam, against Diem’s forces. The 1988 book won the Pulitzer Prize for non-fiction. 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