Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperateand subtropical climates. Plant them out in the following spring. While these leaves reach only 2-3 feet in height, the flower stalks supporting a loose panicle […] It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per … Flowering stem - cooked and used like asparagus[164]. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae.They are native to the hot and dry parts of North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean. 0.5-1 metres, Ultimate spread Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of Genus: Yucca. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. Yucca filamentosa 'Colour Guard'. Hess & Robbins (in FNA, vol. The Color Guard Yucca is a low maintenance plant that gives your yard a sophisticated look. Very attractive on their own, even prettier when topped by 6' stalks of creamy white flowers in summer. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Yucca Flaccida ‘Ivory Towers’ is a hardy yucca to zone 5 with long sword like foliage that is variegated. Smaller than the species, perfect for adding contrast and texture as a garden accent or container plant. Introduction. Sword-like leaves, boldly edged in bright gold topped by tall spikes of fragrant, ivory white blooms. Brown. They make a cream paper[189]. Dramatic architectural plants have spear-shaped leaves of silvery green edged in white. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Spanish Bayonet, Aloe yucca, Dagger Plant, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Narrowleaf yucca, Kanab yucca, Toft's yucca, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Banana yucca, Blue Yucca, Spanish Yucca, Joshua Tree, Jaeger's Joshua tree, Yucca, Joshua Tree, Soap Tree, Soaptree yucca, Soapweed, Soapweed Yucca, Soapweed, Soapweed yucca, Gurney's yucca, American Vetch, Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Soapweed, Spanish Dagger, moundlily yucca, Palm Lily, Roman Candle, Mound Lily Yucca, Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, New Mexico Spanish bayonet. times, Need more criteria? These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. var s = '' Yucca filifera Identification Sheet Origin Central Mexico Genus Yucca Species / Cultivar filifera Common name(s) Palma China Synonym Yucca australis Situation Full sun, dry, well-drained soil Eventual height 6m-10m after many decades Eventual spread 2m-3m eventually Hardiness-8C … Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. I love the hardiness of it and the evergreen quality during the yucky OH winters. Flower Color: White Shades. Yucca filamentosa 'Variegata' Other names. Adam's needle grows to a height of about 2 to 3 feet (not counting the flower stalk) at maturity, with a spread slightly smaller than the height. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. It is naturally a focal point in the landscape, also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens. Each sturdy leaf in the cluster has a bold, yellow stripe with green margins. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Large and fleshy[161, 183]. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Yucca .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Yucca filamentosa 'Variegata' Adam's Needle. A poultice made from the roots is used in the treatment of sores, skin diseases and sprains[222, 257]. We have found the flowers to be fairly bitter[K]. Edward F. Gilman 2. More >>>. Tough as nails, yuccas are the ideal plant for a no-maintenance garden. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then beaten in a ball mill for 4 hours. Click on the photo or the name of the succulent plant for which you wish to see further information. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database A tasty addition to the salad bowl[183]. Plants growing in dense weed competition on our Cornwall trial grounds have managed to spread and even flower[K]. Its striking texture will draw attention. suppliers. Flowers may require hand-pollination to set seed. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Division of suckers in late spring. Propagate by seed or remove rooted suckers, Suggested planting locations and garden types Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. * Important announcements and news 16 - Frequent moderate frost, at night down to -7C, during the day above 5C. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Plants are hardier when grown on poor sandy soils[200]. The leaves are blade-like and form a basal rosette (beginners may think that the leaf shape resembles that of bearded iris, although long-time gardeners may disagree.) No species name is given in the citation. How hardy are the Yuccas? Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Special Features:Attracts birds, Attractive foliage, North American native, Attracts butterflies, Attractive flowers or blooms. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K]. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Agroforestry Services: Living fence  Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Standard  Regional CropLandscape Uses:Border, Container, Erosion control, Foundation, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Truthfully, I have a love-hate relationship with it. Brush  Fibre  Paper  SoapA fibre obtained from the leaves is used for making ropes, cloth, baskets and mats[21, 46, 61, 82, 169]. It is an evergreen shrub with basal rosettes of erect, inversely lance-shaped, pale green leaves which are rigid but not sharp when touched. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. All plant pages have their own unique code. Yucca is a fantastic plant which does resemble exotic parts of the world but is extremely hardy. 3 vols. Hardiness for Yucca species, hybrids and cultivars. They disappear in winter, for a better flourish in spring! 1). Each leaf is green with two white margins down the sides. Yucca filamentosa (Adam's needle and thread) Another hardy Yucca is Y. filamentosa taking temperatures down to -15°C, not all the varieties are this hardy so I am only going to mention the two Yucca filamentosa variants that are the hardiest and are available to buy in the UK. Also known as Spanish bayonet and needle palm, this shrub is native to coastal sand dunes and beaches through the Southeastern U.S. And […] Flower Color: White Shades. Yucca filamentosa NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Curled threads line the edges o… USA, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. 10-20 years, Cultivation Root cuttings in late winter or early spring. Britton, N.L., and A. Tough as nails, yuccas are the ideal plant for a no-maintenance garden. Edible Parts: Flowers  Fruit  StemEdible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 46, 61]. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. The slender leaves, which end in a spine, can reach a length of over two feet long on large plants. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. The leaves are edged with curly filaments and are tinged with pink and rose during the winter months. Y. filamentosa is a small stemless evergreen shrub forming clumps of sword-shaped, deep green leaves to 75cm in length, edged with curly filaments. Whilst saponins are quite toxic to people, they are poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass straight through. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It usually germinates within 1 - 12 months if kept at a temperature of 20°c. It is readily distinguished from other … Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. You will receive a range of benefits including: The roots are rich in saponins and can be used as a soap substitute for washing the hair, body and clothing[46, 61, 82, 257]. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. This can be quite easily and successfully done using something like a small paint brush. Their sword-like foliage radiates upward from a central crown, remaining upright all year round except in the heaviest snows. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Native to North and South America. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. Form: Rounded. Flowers - raw or dried, crushed and used as a flavouring[159, 164, 177]. Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge' Common Name: Adam's Needle, Yucca. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. The fibre can also be used for making paper[189] The leaves are harvested in summer, they are scraped to remove the outer skin and are then soaked in water for 24 hours prior to cooking. New Mexico's state flower is also known as the "Lamparas de dios" which translates to "Lamps of the Lord" due to the bright mass of white flowers that protrude from a center stalk within the yucca plant. Soapweed yucca (Yucca glauca) thrives in the cold temperatures of USDA plant hardiness zone 3, with winter temperatures dipping as low as minus 35 degrees. Asparagaceae, Genus Seed is not produced in Britain unless the flowers are hand pollinated. Common Name: Adam's Needle, Yucca. I have learned to live with the negatives. Naturalized in S. Europe. 3. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. The exotic and tropical appearance of this sport of Yucca filamentosa belies it UK hardiness credentials. We will not sell or share your email address. Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove… Yucca filamentosa 'Color Guard' (Adam's Needle) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub featuring a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped, rich green leaves with a broad, central, brilliant yellow stripe. Officially the RHS rating is H5 which means it can tolerate temperatures down to the -10°c to -15°c. 15 - Occasional light frost, at night down to -2C, during the day above 5C. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Poultice  SalveMedicinal Parts: Leaves and roots of non-flowering plants[301]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. May be subject to a leaf spot. 020 3176 5800 You can unsubscribe at anytime. Genus Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers Details Y. filamentosa is a small stemless evergreen shrub forming clumps of sword-shaped, deep green leaves to 75cm in length, edged with curly filaments. A very easily grown plant, it thrives in most soils but prefers a sandy loam and full exposure to the south[11]. Mediterranean Climate Plants Architectural City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden, Pests May be attacked by aphids on flower spikes, Diseases Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Ultimate height The roots contain saponins[222]. Liver and gallbladder disorders[301]. Common name Yucca, Spanish bayonet, spineless yucca, Adam’s needle and thread, Spanish dagger Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade.Indoors: bright, filtered light Its leaves are a creamy yellow with green edges in the spring and summer. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. 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